Living with coeliac disease beyond the diagnosis
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Introduction: Studies show that women living in Sweden treated for coeliac disease have lower subjective health than other women. After showing signs of remission, adults who have coeliac disease and follow a gluten-free diet, are expected to handle the treatment without any further planned follow-up by health care.
Aim: The overall aim of this thesis was to study aspects of living with coeliac disease in adults in the years beyond the diagnosis.
Methods: Quantitative methods were used in Studies I, II and III. A qualitative content analysis was performed in Study IV.
Results: The results show that women with coeliac disease have a lower level of well-being than men with coeliac disease. The women who have coeliac disease reported a high rate of gastrointestinal symptoms, although they followed a gluten-free diet, and they visited health care services more frequently than women who did not have coeliac disease. A low rate of gastrointestinal symptoms, a positive self-image and few comorbidity emerged as factors that positively affected well-being. Worries also seemed to be a companion of women diagnosed with coeliac disease in adulthood, typically evident when socializing with others.
Conclusion: This thesis may provide evidence questioning the validity of declaring all women with coeliac disease showing a normalized intestinal mucosa to be in remission, and thus leaving them to self-management.
Clinical implications: Health care professionals need to be aware of that the transition to a gluten-free life may vary for individuals. It does not seem enough to follow a gluten-free diet to reach a state of good well-being for all women. A major task for health care providers is therefore to support women with CD in reaching better subjective treatment outcomes. The results may also contribute to that health care system develops routines in order to optimise the care and treatment of these patients.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press , 2011. , 85 p.
Linköping University Medical Dissertations, ISSN 0345-0082 ; 1278
Chronic illness, Coeliac disease, Comorbidity, Gastrointestinal complaints, Health care use, Self-image, Well-being
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-71898ISBN: 978-91-7393-019-2OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-71898DiVA: diva2:455248
2011-12-08, Aulan K1, Kåkenhus, Campus Norrköping, Linköpings universitet, Norrköping, 13:00 (English)
Collin, Pekka, Associate Professor
Hallert, Claes, Associate ProfessorWilhelmsson, Susan, Associate Professor
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