Inducible repair and the two forms of tumour hypoxia--time for a paradigm shift
1999 (English)In: Acta Oncologica, ISSN 0284-186X, E-ISSN 1651-226X, Vol. 38, no 7, 903-918 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Clinical experience shows that there is a therapeutic window between 60 and 70 Gy where many tumours are eradicated, but the function of the adjacent normal tissues is preserved. This implies much more cell kill in the tumour than is acceptable in the normal tissue. An SF2 of 0.5 or lower is needed to account for the eradication of all tumour cells, while an SF2 of 0.8 or higher is needed to explain why these doses are tolerated by normal tissues. No such systematic difference is known between the intrinsic sensitivity of well-oxygenated normal and tumour cells. The presence of radioresistant hypoxic cells in tumours makes it even more difficult to understand the clinical success. However, there is experimental evidence that starved cells lose their repair competence as a result of the depletion of cellular energy charge. MRS studies have shown that low ATP levels are a characteristic feature of solid tumours in rodents and man. In this paper we incorporate the concept of repair incompetence in starving, chronically hypoxic cells. The increased sensitivity of such cells has been derived from an analysis of mammalian cell lines showing inducible repair. It is proportional to the SF2 and highest in resistant cells. The distinction between acutely hypoxic radioresistant cells and chronically hypoxic radiosensitive cells provides the key to the realistic modelling of successful radiotherapy. It also opens new conceptual approaches to radiotherapy. We conclude that it is essential to distinguish between these two kinds of hypoxic cells in predictive assays and models.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1999. Vol. 38, no 7, 903-918 p.
Cancer and Oncology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-72005DOI: 10.1080/028418699432590PubMedID: 10606420OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-72005DiVA: diva2:455889