Between municipal and regional planning: The development of regional district heating systems in Stockholm from 1978 to 2010
2011 (English)In: Local Environment: the International Journal of Justice and Sustainability, ISSN 1354-9839, E-ISSN 1469-6711, Vol. 16, no 4, 319-337 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
District heating (DH) is an important part of the Swedish energy system and one of the most important climate measures at the municipal level. The Swedish planning system gives a large amount of power to municipalities, thus leaving the regional level weak. Despite this, the DH systems in Stockholm have developed into regional systems; how has this development occurred and what made it possible? Regional and municipal strategies concerning DH and energy from 1978 to 2010 have been studied through Regional plans and comprehensive plans. The conclusions show that the municipal DH systems have grown and become interconnected, thus fulfilling one of the most important regional strategies: to expand and interconnect the systems to be able to build combined heat and power plants. This is not entirely due to the regional strategies, however; the local importance of the system, economic reasons and supply security are other explanations. The study shows that regional importance generally has grown, and thus also the regional focus on DH. As environmental and climate issues have risen on the agenda, the importance of DH from the municipal perspective has become more evident, as well as a shift from supply orientation to more focus on energy efficiency.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 16, no 4, 319-337 p.
district heating; Sweden; Stockholm; regional planning; comprehensive plans; energy planning
Human Geography Energy Systems
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-72244DOI: 10.1080/13549839.2011.573472OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-72244DiVA: diva2:458772