Aquaporin 9 phosphorylation mediates membrane localization and neutrophil polarization
2011 (English)In: Journal of Leukocyte Biology, ISSN 0741-5400, E-ISSN 1938-3673, Vol. 90, no 5, 963-973 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Neutrophils are of prime importance in the host innate defense against invading microorganisms by using two primary mechanisms-locomotion toward and phagocytosis of the prey. Recent research points to pivotal roles for water channels known as AQPs in cell motility. Here, we focused on the role of AQP9 in chemoattractant-induced polarization and migration of primary mouse neutrophils and neutrophil-like HL60 cells. We found that AQP9 is phosphorylated downstream of fMLFR or PMA stimulation in primary human neutrophils. The dynamics of AQP9 were assessed using GFP-tagged AQP9 constructs and other fluorescent markers through various live-cell imaging techniques. Expression of WT or the phosphomimic S11D AQP9 changed cell volume regulation as a response to hyperosmotic changes and enhanced neutrophil polarization and chemotaxis. WT AQP9 and S11D AQP9 displayed a very dynamic distribution at the cell membrane, whereas the phosphorylation-deficient S11A AQP9 failed to localize to the plasma membrane. Furthermore, we found that Rac1 regulated the translocation of AQP9 to the plasma membrane. Our results show that AQP9 plays an active role in neutrophil volume regulation and migration. The display of AQP9 at the plasma membrane depends on AQP9 phosphorylation, which appeared to be regulated through a Rac1-dependent pathway.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Society for Leukocyte Biology , 2011. Vol. 90, no 5, 963-973 p.
AQP9, cell migration, Rac, water fluxes, osmosis, hydrostatic pressure
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-72257DOI: 10.1189/jlb.0910540ISI: 000296716000014OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-72257DiVA: diva2:458811
Funding Agencies|Swedish Research Council-Medicine|2006-74991007-34832010-3045|Swedish Research Council Natural Sciences|2009-6649|European Sciences Foundation (TraPPs-Euromembrane)||CIHR|MOP-86550|CIHR Group||2011-11-242011-11-242013-03-15