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Compartmentation of glutamate and glutamine in the lateral cervical nucleus: Further evidence for glutamate as a spinocervical tract neurotransmitter
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Internal Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Heart and Medicine Centre, Department of Endocrinology and Gastroenterology UHL.
Linköping University, Department of Biomedicine and Surgery, Cell biology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
1994 (English)In: Journal of Comparative Neurology, ISSN 0021-9967, E-ISSN 1096-9861, Vol. 340, no 4, 531-540 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Previous observations indicate that spinocervical tract terminals contain relatively high levels of glutamate. To examine whether these high glutamate levels are likely to represent a neurotransmitter pool or an elevated metabolic pool, the distributions of glutamate- and glutamine-like immunoreactivities were examined in adjacent immunogold-labeled sections of the lateral cervical nucleus. Spinocervical tract terminals were identified by anterograde transport of horseradish peroxidase and wheat germ agglutinin-horseradish peroxidase conjugate from the spinal cord.

Spinocervical tract terminals were found to contain significantly higher levels of glutamate-like immunoreactivity than other examined tissue compartments (large neuronal cell bodies, terminals with pleomorphic vesicles, astrocytes, and average tissue level). In contrast, the highest levels of glutamine-like immunoreactivity were detected in astrocytes. The different analyzed tissue elements formed three groups with respect to glutamate: glutamine ratios: one high ratio group including spinocervical tract terminals, a second group with intermediate ratios consisting of neuronal cell bodies and terminals containing pleomorphic synaptic vesicles, and a third low ratio group including astrocytes.

Our findings indicate the presence of a compartmentation of glutamate and glutamine in the lateral cervical nucleus, similar to that postulated in biochemical studies of the central nervous system. The results also show that spinocervical tract terminals have high glutamate: glutamine ratios, similar to those previously observed in putative glutamatergic terminals in the cerebellar cortex. Thus, spinocervical tract terminals display biochemical characteristics that would be expected of glutamatergic terminals and the present findings therefore provide further evidence for glutamate as a spinocervical tract neurotransmitter.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell , 1994. Vol. 340, no 4, 531-540 p.
Keyword [en]
amino acids;immunogold;spinal cord;somatosensory;horseradish peroxidase
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-72300DOI: 10.1002/cne.903400406ISI: A1994MU49800005PubMedID: 7516350OAI: diva2:458960
Available from: 2011-11-24 Created: 2011-11-24 Last updated: 2011-12-01

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Kechagias, Stergios
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Internal MedicineFaculty of Health SciencesDepartment of Endocrinology and Gastroenterology UHLCell biology
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