Residual stresses in a stress lattice: experiments and finite element simulations
2009 (English)In: Journal of Materials Processing Technology, ISSN 0924-0136, Vol. 209, no 9, 4320-4328 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In this work, residual stresses in a stress lattice are studied. The residual stresses are both measured and simulated. The stress lattice is casted of low alloyed grey cast iron. In fact, nine similar lattices are casted and measured. The geometry of the lattice consists of three sections in parallel. The diameter of the two outer sections are thinner than the section in the middle. When the stress lattice cools down, this difference in geometry yields that the outer sections start to solidify and contract before the section in the middle. Finally, an equilibrium state, with tensile stresses in the middle and compressive stresses in the outer sections, is reached. The thermo-mechanical simulation of the experiments is performed by using Abaqus. The thermo-mechanical solidification is assumed to be uncoupled. First a thermal analysis, where the lattice is cooled down to room temperature, is performed. Latent heat is included in the analysis by letting the fraction of solid be a linear function of the temperature in the mushy zone. After the thermal analysis a quasi-static mechanical analysis is performed where the temperature history is considered to be the external force. A rate-independent J2-plasticity model with isotropic hardening is considered, where the material data depend on the temperature. Tensile tests are performed at room temperature, 200 °C, 400 °C, 600 ° C and 800 ° C in order to evaluate the Young’s modulus, the yield strength and the hardening accurate. In addition, the thermal expansion coefficient is evaluated for temperatures between room temperature and 1000 °C. The state of residual stresses is measured by cutting the midsection or the outer section. The corresponding elastic spring-back reveals the state of residual stresses. The measured stresses are compared to the numerical simulations. The simulations show good agreement with the results from the experiments.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier , 2009. Vol. 209, no 9, 4320-4328 p.
Residual stresses; Stress lattice; Grey iron; Finite elements; Thermomechanics; Casting
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-72345DOI: 10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2008.11.025OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-72345DiVA: diva2:459233