liu.seSearch for publications in DiVA
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Robustness of residual stresses in brake discs by metamodeling
Tekniska Högskolan, Högskolan i Jönköping, JTH. Forskningsområde Simulering och optimering. (Simulering och optimering)
2011 (English)In: proceedings of the ASME IDETC/CIE Conference, (Washington D.C., USA),2011, 2011Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

During casting residual stresses are developed due to the solidification and cooling. In this work the robustness of residual stresses in casted brake discs with respect to variations in four parameters is evaluated. The parameters are Young’s modulus, yield strength and hardening, time of breaking the mould and the thickness of the brake disc. The robustness analysis is performed by Monte Carlo simulation of metamodels which are surrogates to a finite element model. Quadratic response surfaces and Kriging approximations are considered. Those are based on finite element analyses defined by a Latin hypercube sampled design of experiments. In the finite element analyses an uncoupled approach is utilized where a thermal analysis generates a temperature history of the solidification and cooling. Then follows a structural analysis which is driven by the temperature history. After casting the machining of the brake disc is analyzed by gradually removing elements in the finite element model. The results show that the variation in the studied parameters yield large variation in residual stresses. The thickness of the brake disc is the parameter that has largest influence to the variation in residual stresses. Furthermore, the level of the residual stresses are in general high and might influence the fatigue life of the brake disc.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011.
Keyword [en]
Robustness analysis, Metamodeling, Design of experiments (DoE), Residual stresses
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-72351OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-72351DiVA: diva2:459277
Conference
The ASME 2011 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences (IDETC) and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference (CIE), August 28-31, Washington, DC, USA
Available from: 2011-11-25 Created: 2011-11-25 Last updated: 2011-11-25Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Robustness Analysis of Residual Stresses in Castings
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Robustness Analysis of Residual Stresses in Castings
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis is about robustness analysis of residual stresses in castings. This topic includes the analysis of residual stresses in castings and the robustness analysis itself, both covered in the thesis.

Residual stresses are important when designing casted components. For instance, the residual stress state after casting might affect the fatigue life, facilitate crack propagation and cause spring-back related problems when a casted component is machined or used. Examples of components where such problems are recognized are stamping dies and brake discs, both considered in the thesis. Residual stresses in castings are simulated by finite element analysis in this thesis. A sequential un-coupled approach is used where a thermal analysis of the solidification and cooling generates a temperature history. Then a quasi-static structural analysis is performed, driven by the temperature history. During the structural analysis residual stresses are developed due to different cooling rates in combination with plasticity. For comparison, measurements of residual stresses in castings have also been performed. The agreement between analyses and measurements is satisfactory.

In a residual stress analysis there are several random variables such as process, geometrical and material parameters. Usually those random variables are assumed to be deterministic and their nominal values are used. It can be beneficial to include the variation of the random variables in analysis of residual stresses. For that purpose robustness analysis of the residual stresses are performed in this thesis. In some of the appended papers the robustness is evaluated with respect to variation in e.g. Young’s modulus, yield strength and hardening, thermal expansion coefficient, geometric dimensions and time in mould of the casting. The robustness analyses are performed by using metamodels as surrogates to the finite element model, due to the computational expensiveness of the residual stress analyses. Conventional regression models, Kriging approximations and an optimal polynomial regression model, proposed in one of the appended papers, are metamodels used in the thesis. When a metamodel is established the choice of the design of experiments can be crucial. The generation of the design of experiments is also investigated in the thesis. For instance, a hybrid method constituted by a genetic algorithm and sequential linear programming is proposed for the generation of optimal design of experiments. A-, D-, I- and S-optimal design of experiments are generated by the developed  hybrid method. Those design of experiments as well as Latin  Hypercube sampled design of experiments are used throughout the thesis. Since residual stress analysis, robustness analysis and metamodeling are considered in the thesis, more or less all parts required to perform robustness analysis of residual stresses in castings are covered.

Results in the thesis show that the level of residual stresses in castings can be high due to the casting process. Thus, crack development and spring-back related problems might be influenced by those stresses. Results also show that the level of residual stresses can be very dependent on the variation in certain random variables such as the thickness of the casting, hardening and Young’s modulus. Therefore, it can be of importance to include the variations of the random variables in order to accurately predict the residual stresses when designing castings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2012. 44 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 1415
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-72354 (URN)978-91-7393-002-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2012-01-20, E1405, Tekniska högskolan, Jönköping, 10:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2011-11-25 Created: 2011-11-25 Last updated: 2012-04-02Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Authority records BETA

Hofwing, Magnus

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Hofwing, Magnus
Engineering and Technology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 57 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf