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Användning av djur inom arbetsterapi: En systematisk litteraturstudie
Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies.
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The Use of Animals in Occupational Therapy : A systematic literature review (English)
Abstract [sv]

Arbetsterapi ämnar möjliggöra utförande av meningsfulla aktiviteter för klienter. Djur ger positiva effekter på människans fysiska, mentala och sociala funktioner som kan öka dennes aktivitetsförmåga, vilket är en förutsättning för aktivitetsutförande. Syftet var att kartlägga forskning kring djur i relation till arbetsterapi samt betydelsen djuren har på individens aktivitetsliv. Metoden var en systematisk litteratursökning som gjordes med 14 valda sökord i sju databaser som slutligen gav 15 artiklar för analys. I resultatet identifierades forskningsområdena djurägarskap och djurterapi. Hund var vanligaste djuret för ägarskap och terapi, följt av katt och häst. Personer som utförde aktiviteter med djur hade olika typer av diagnoser och utförde dessa inom samtliga aktivitetsområden. Den vanligaste funktionsnedsättningen för djurägare var fysisk och för djurterapiklienter psykisk. Aktiviteterna utfördes främst i hem- och samhällsmiljöer. Författarna konkluderade att möjligheter för implementering av arbetsterapi med djur i Sverige finns men att det kan finnas faktorer som försvårar processen. En lösning för implementering skulle vara att arbetsterapeuten arbetar med djur/husdjur i klientens hem- och samhällsmiljö.

Abstract [en]

Occupational Therapy aims at assisting clients in the performance of occupations. Animals have a positive effect on humans’ physical, mental and social functions that can increase the individuals’ occupational ability, which is a prerequisite for occupational performance. The aim was to describe research regarding the relation between animals and occupational therapy and the impact the animals have on individuals’ occupational lives. The method was a systematic literature search, conducted with 14 selected words in seven databases, and this resulted in 15 articles for analysis. In the result, animal ownership and animal-assisted therapy were identified as areas of research. Dogs were the most common animals for ownership and therapy, followed by cats and horses. Persons who performed occupations with animals had a variety of diagnosis and performed them in all occupational areas. The most common disability for animal owners were physical and for therapy clients psychiatric. Occupations were conducted primarily in home and community environments. The authors concluded that there is a possibility of implementing occupational therapy with animals in Sweden, but there may be factors that can complicate the process. A solution for implementation would be that the occupational therapist works with animals/pets in the clients’ home and community environment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 26 p.
Keyword [en]
Occupational Therapy, Occupation, Animal ownership, Animal Assisted Therapy, Volition
Keyword [sv]
Arbetsterapi, Aktivitet, Djurägarskap, Djurterapi, Motivation
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-70992ISRN: LIU –ISV/AT-C-11/030--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-70992DiVA: diva2:460220
Subject / course
Occupational therapy Degree project C-level
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-01-23 Created: 2011-09-25 Last updated: 2012-01-23Bibliographically approved

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Occupational Therapy

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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