Identification of distinct physiochemical properties of the toxic prefibrillar species formed by Aβ peptide variants
2012 (English)In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications - BBRC, ISSN 0006-291X, E-ISSN 1090-2104, Vol. 420, no 4, 895-900 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The formation of amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) aggregates at an early stage during the self-assembly process is an important factor in the development of Alzheimer’s disease. The toxic effect is believed to be exerted by prefibrillar species of Aβ. It is therefore important to identify which prefibrillar species are toxic and characterize their distinct properties. In the present study, we investigated the in vitro aggregation behavior of Aβ-derived peptides possessing different levels of neurotoxic activity, using fluorescence spectroscopy in combination with transmission electron microscopy. The toxicity of various Aβ aggregates was assessed by using cultures of human neuroblastoma cells. Through combined use of the fluorescence probe 8-anilino-1-napthalenesulfonate (ANS) and the novel luminescent probe pentamer formyl thiophene acetic acid (p-FTAA), we were able to identify those Aβ peptide-derived prefibrillar species which exhibited cellular toxicity. In particular, species, which formed early during the aggregation process and showed strong p-FTAA and ANS fluorescence, were the species that possessed toxic activities. Moreover, by manipulating the aggregation conditions, it was possible to change the capacity of the Aβ peptide to form nontoxic versus toxic species.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2012. Vol. 420, no 4, 895-900 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-73185DOI: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2012.03.097ISI: 000303619100034OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-73185DiVA: diva2:468477
funding agencies|Swedish National Graduate School in Science, Technology and Mathematics Education Research (Fon-tD)||Swedish Alzheimers Foundation||Soderberg foundation||2011-12-212011-12-212015-05-28Bibliographically approved