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Compromise and Learning when Negotiating Sustainabilities – the brownfield development of Hammarby Sjöstad, Stockholm
Dept of Urban Planning and Environment, KTH, Sweden.
Dept of Urban Planning and Environment, KTH, Sweden.
Danish Building Research Institute, Hörsholm, Denmark.
Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. (TEVS)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7694-7397
2011 (English)In: International Journal of Urban Sustainable Development, ISSN 1946-3138, Vol. 3, no 2, 141-155 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper examines the environmental management of Stockholm’s large brownfield development Hammarby Sjöstad through the concept of Negotiating Sustainabilities. An Environmental Programme injected exceptional aims into an ongoing, ordinary planning process involving developers, consultants, contractors and other stakeholders. In parallel, a Project Team was established and given the task of realising aims through governing, networking, negotiation and persuasion. Discourse theory is used to analyse the epistemological disagreement between actors on how to operationalise the aims. Theories on governance networks and meta-governance facilitate the understanding of the Project Team’s role in negotiations. The analysis is divided into two parts: ‘Playing the Game’ focuses on the aim contents and how these were negotiated between actors, while ‘...but the Game was Staged’ highlights how negotiations were conditioned from the outside. The results indicate that negotiations on e.g. development contracts were circumscribed by a prehistory of institutional and interactive positioning, thus leaving only a small imprint on the actual outcome. Negotiations during events unburdened by path dependency affected outcomes more. Staging of the Project Team’s activities was initially strong, but gradually waned. Learning within the Team was rapid and gradually resulted in a higher level of aim fulfilment. After ten years, learning is clearly discernible in other Stockholm developments too, such as the Royal Seaport. International interest, as manifested through study visits to the area, remains high. The main general lessons learned include the need for introducing exceptional aims and project organisations early in the project, and the potentially positive effects of active networking to increase actor collaboration and thus the project’s field of options.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2011. Vol. 3, no 2, 141-155 p.
Keyword [en]
negotiating sustainabilities; situation of opportunity; network governance; meta-governor; Hammarby Sjöstad; Stockholm; planning
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-73214DOI: 10.1080/19463138.2011.620959OAI: diva2:469152
Available from: 2011-12-22 Created: 2011-12-22 Last updated: 2014-10-08

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ReferencesLink to record
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