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The Chinese Grain for Green Program – assessing the sequestered carbon from the land reform
Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Tema Environmental Change. Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4484-266X
Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
Chalmers University of Technology; Sweden.
Peking University, China.
2011 (English)In: World renewable Energy Congress 2011, Linköping University Electronic Press, 2011, 2517-2522 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

 Grain for Green Program was launched in China as a national measure to control erosion and increase vegetation cover in 1999. With a budget of 40 billion US dollar, the program that targets cropland and barren land has today converted over 20 million hectares of land into primarily tree-based plantations. Even though the design of the program includes a category of energy forest only a negligible part is planted as such (0.61%). The majority of the land converted is for protection (78%). The use of these plantations in the future is however unclear and a hypothesis of energy substitution is valid.

In this paper, we try to estimate the overall carbon that has been sequestered due to the program by using official statistics from the program and by calculating it according to mainly three different approaches; calculations made on I) net primary production, II) figures from IPCC’s greenhouse gas inventory guidelines, and III) mean annual increment. We also highlight several of the uncertainties that are associated with the program and the estimations.

The result shows that conversion of cropland and barren land generated carbon sequestration over its 10 first years ranging from 222 to 468 million tonnes of carbon, with the IPCC approach yielding the highest estimate whereas the other two approaches had more similar outcome (around 250 million tonnes of carbon). Uncertainties associated with the assessment lies within the use of growth curves not designed for the particular species and their different locations, actual survival rate of the plantations, and discrepancies in figures concerning the program (e.g. area, type, survival rates) at different levels of authority (from national to local). The carbon sequestered in the biomass (above and below ground) from this program is equivalent to 14% (based on median of all three approaches) of China’s yearly carbon dioxide emissions due to fossil fuel use and cement production.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping University Electronic Press, 2011. 2517-2522 p.
Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings, ISSN 1650-3686 (print), 1650-3740 (online) ; 57
Keyword [en]
Land-use change, Mitigations impact, Plantations, Carbon sink, Bioenergy
National Category
Natural Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-73244DOI: 10.3384/ecp110572517ISBN: 978-91-7393-070-3OAI: diva2:469440
World renewable Energy Congress 2011, Linköping, 8-13 May
Available from: 2011-12-23 Created: 2011-12-23 Last updated: 2016-06-15

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Ostwald, Madelene
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Centre for Climate Science and Policy ResearchFaculty of Arts and SciencesTema Environmental Change
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