Performance of Jatropha biodiesel production and its environmental and socio-economic impact – A case study in Southern India
2011 (English)In: World Renewable Energy Congress 2011, Linköping University Electronic Press, 2011, 2470-2477 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
In India expectations have been high on production of biodiesel from the oil-crop Jatropha. Jatropha is promoted as a drought- and pest-resistant crop, with the potential to grow on degraded soil with a low amount of inputs. These characteristics encourage hope for positive environmental and socio-economic impacts from Jatropha biodiesel production. The purpose of this study was to explore the performance of Jatropha biodiesel production in Southern India, to identify motivational factors for continued Jatropha cultivation, and to assess environmental and socio-economic impacts of the Jatropha biodiesel production. 106 farmers who have or have had Jatropha plantations were visited and interviewed regarding their opinion of Jatropha cultivation. The result indicates that 85 percent of the farmers have discontinued cultivation of Jatropha. The main barriers to continued cultivation derive from ecological problems, economic losses, and problems in the development and execution of the governmental implementation of the Jatropha programme. The Jatropha characteristics were overrated, and the plantations failed to provide income to the farmer. A common factor for the farmers who continued Jatropha cultivation was that they had the economic means to maintain non-profitable plantations. As the Jatropha programme was not as successful as expected, the expected positive environmental and socio-economic impacts have not been realized.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping University Electronic Press, 2011. 2470-2477 p.
Linköping Electronic Conference Proceedings, ISSN 1650-3686 (print), 1650-3740 (online) ; 10: 57
Household interviews, Drivers and barriers, Land use, Rural development.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-73245DOI: 10.3384/ecp110572470ISBN: 978-91-7393-070-3OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-73245DiVA: diva2:469441
World Renewable Energy Congress 2011, Linköping, 8-13 May