liu.seSearch for publications in DiVA
Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Environmental Impact Assessments: Suitable for supporting assessment of biofuel sustainability?
Chalmers University of Technology.
Chalmers University of Technology.
Chalmers University of Technology.
Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4484-266X
2011 (English)Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [en]

The European Union requires that 10% of the energy in the transport sector shall come from renewable sources by 2020. In addition, biofuels used for transport need to fulfill certain sustainability requirements set out in the Renewable Energy Directive (RED). To meet these requirements, the EU will need to produce and import large amounts of sustainable biofuels. Therefore, there is a need for ways to verify the sustainability of imported biofuels, so that unsustainable biofuels can be avoided. One strategy may involve analyzing Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) reports (EIRs) conducted for specific biofuel projects. For EIRs to be useful as such information sources they need to be sufficiently comprehensive in relation to the RED but also sufficiently reliable. In this study, 19 biofuel project EIRs are analyzed with respect to how they cover the RED sustainability considerations. In addition, EIA legislation, requirements, quality, and enforcement are discussed to determine not only whether EIRs can be sufficiently comprehensive, but also sufficiently reliable for supporting information to studies intended to assess the sustainability of biofuels, from an RED perspective. Notable differences between EIRs for different types of projects were found. EIRs for projects including both plantation establishment and the construction of a biofuel plant had better RED coverage than EIRs for projects including either the plantations or the biofuel plant. As might be expected, EIAs for “plantation projects” generally leave out features related to biofuel processing, and EIAs for “biofuel plant” projects generally leave out features related to feedstock production. In general, EIA legislation is insufficient and most target countries seem to have rather low potential to enforce legislation. Several additional EIA-related problems need to be overcome in order for EIRs to be regarded as sufficiently reliable information tools.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg: Chalmers University of Technology , 2011. , 131 p.
, Report series for the division of Physical Resource Theory, nr FRT 2011:05. Chalmers University fo Technology, 05
Keyword [en]
EIA, bioenergy, biofuels, EU, Renewable Energy Directive
National Category
Natural Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-73246OAI: diva2:469442
Available from: 2011-12-23 Created: 2011-12-23 Last updated: 2015-06-02

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Link to report

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Ostwald, Madelene
By organisation
Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research Faculty of Arts and Sciences
Natural Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Total: 65 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link