Macrophages at the fetal-maternal interface express markers of alternative activation and are induced by M-CSF and IL-10
2011 (English)In: Journal of Immunology, ISSN 0022-1767, E-ISSN 1550-6606, Vol. 187, no 7, 3671-3682 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
During pregnancy, the maternal immune system is challenged by the presence of the fetus, which must be tolerated despite being semiallogeneic. Uterine mucosal (or decidual) macrophages (Mϕ), one of the major leukocyte populations at the fetal–maternal interface, have been implicated in fetal tolerance, but information regarding their regulation is scarce. In this study, we investigated the role of several factors potentially involved in the differentiation and polarization of decidual Mϕ with an in vitro Mϕ differentiation model. By using flow cytometry, we showed that M-CSF and IL-10 were potent inducers of M2 (immunoregulatory) Mϕ markers expressed on human decidual Mϕ (CD14, CD163, CD206, CD209). In contrast, proinflammatory stimuli, and unexpectedly also the Th2-associated IL-4 and IL-13, induced different patterns of expression, indicating that a Th2-dominated environment is not required for decidual Mϕ polarization. M-CSF/IL-10–stimulated and decidual Mϕ also showed similar cytokine secretion patterns, with production of IL-10 as well as IL-6, TNF, and CCL4. Conversely, the proinflammatory, LPS/IFN-γ–stimulated Mϕ produced significantly higher levels of TNF and no IL-10. We also used a gene array with 420 Mϕ-related genes, of which 100 were previously reported to be regulated in a global gene expression profiling of decidual Mϕ, confirming that M-CSF/IL-10–induced Mϕ are closely related to decidual Mϕ. Taken together, our results consistently point to a central role for M-CSF and in particular IL-10 in the shaping of decidual Mϕ with regulatory properties. These cytokines may therefore play an important role in supporting the homeostatic and tolerant immune milieu required for a successful pregnancy.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Association of Immunologists , 2011. Vol. 187, no 7, 3671-3682 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-73353DOI: 10.4049/jimmunol.1100130ISI: 000295036400026PubMedID: 21890660OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-73353DiVA: diva2:471340