Influence of pH, Precursor Concentration, Growth Time, and Temperature on the Morphology of ZnO Nanostructures Grown by the Hydrothermal Method
2011 (English)In: Journal of Nanomaterials, ISSN 1687-4110, no 269692Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We investigated the influence of the pH value, precursor concentration (C), growth time and temperature on the morphology of zinc oxide (ZnO) nanostructures. The pH of the starting solution was varied from1.8 to 12.5. It was found that the final pH reaches an inherent value of 6.6 independently of the initial pH solution. Various ZnO structures of nanotetrapod-like, flower-like, and urchin-like morphology were obtained at alkaline pH (8 to 12.5) whereas for pH solution lower than 8 rod-like nanostructures occurred. Moreover, we observed the erosion of the nanorods for a pH value less than 4.6. By changing the concentrations the density and size were also varied. On going from a high (C > 400mM) to lower (C < 25mM) C, the resulted ZnO nanostructures change from a film to nanorods (NRs) and finally nanowires (NWs). It was also found that the length and diameter of ZnO NRs follow a linear relation with time up to 10 hours, above which no further increase was observed. Finally the effect of growth temperature was seen as an influence on the aspect ratio.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
NY, USA: Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2011. no 269692
National CategoryEngineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-74729DOI: 10.1155/2011/269692ISI: 000298424100001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-74729DiVA: diva2:491028
funding agencies|advanced Functional Material project Sweden||2012-02-062012-02-062014-01-15Bibliographically approved