On the Topotactic Transformation of Ti2AlC into a Ti-C-O-F Cubic Phase by Heating in Molten Lithium Fluoride in Air
2011 (English)In: Journal of The American Ceramic Society, ISSN 0002-7820, E-ISSN 1551-2916, Vol. 94, no 12, 4556-4561 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Herein we report on the formation of a TiCOF phase via the topotactic transformation of Ti2AlC by immersion in molten lithium fluoride, LiF, at 900 degrees C in air for 2 h. The Al diffuses out of the structure and reacts with LiF to form Li3AlF6. X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, optical, scanning and transmission electron microscopy, with energy-dispersive spectroscopy, showed the selective etching of Al from the structure and the formation of a cubic, rock-salt, TiCOF phase. The transformation is topotaxial, involves de-twinning of the hexagonal Ti2AlC structure and results in domains that are of the order of 10 nm. The reaction rate is significantly higher when the reaction is carried out in air than when it is carried out in vacuum.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell , 2011. Vol. 94, no 12, 4556-4561 p.
National CategoryEngineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-75292DOI: 10.1111/j.1551-2916.2011.04896.xISI: 000297848100075OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-75292DiVA: diva2:505900
Funding Agencies|Office of Vehicle Technologies of the U.S. Department of Energy|DE-AC02-05CH112316951370|Commonwealth of Pennsylvanias Ben Franklin Technology Development Authority||Alexander von Humboldt Foundation||2012-02-272012-02-242012-03-06