Topical morphine gel in the treatment of painful leg ulcers, a double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial: a pilot study
2012 (English)In: International Wound Journal, ISSN 1742-4801, E-ISSN 1742-481X, Vol. 9, no 4, 419-427 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Chronic painful wounds, a major health problem, have a detrimental impact on the quality of life due to associated pain. Some clinical reports have suggested that local administration of morphine could be beneficial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the analgesic effect of topically applied morphine on chronic painful leg ulcers. Twenty-one patients were randomly assigned to receive either morphine or placebo in a randomised, placebo-controlled, crossover pilot study. Each patient was treated four times in total. Pain was measured by the visual analogue score (VAS) before application of gel, directly after and after 2, 6, 12 and 24 hours. Although an overall, clinically relevant, reduction of pain was observed upon treatment with morphine, the difference was not statistically significant. Morphine reduced pain scores more than placebo on treatment occasions 1 and 2. The difference was statistically significant only 2 hours after dressing on the first treatment occasion. Thus, our study did not demonstrate a consistent and globally significant difference in nociception in patients treated with morphine. However, the relatively small number of patients included in our study and other methodological limitations makes it difficult for us to draw general conclusions regarding efficacy of topically applied morphine as an effective treatment for some painful ulcers. Further studies are warranted to evaluate the value of topically applied morphine in the treatment of patients with chronic painful leg ulcers.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Blackwell Publishing, 2012. Vol. 9, no 4, 419-427 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-75512DOI: 10.1111/j.1742-481X.2011.00901.xISI: 000306406000011PubMedID: 22151619OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-75512DiVA: diva2:507607