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Nanoscopic and Photonic Ultrastructural Characterization of Two Distinct Insulin Amyloid States
Norwegian University of Science and Technology.
Norwegian University of Science and Technology.
Norwegian University of Science and Technology.
Riken Institute Phys and Chemistry Research.
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2012 (English)In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES, ISSN 1661-6596, Vol. 13, no 2, 1461-1480 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Two different conformational isoforms or amyloid strains of insulin with different cytotoxic capacity have been described previously. Herein these filamentous and fibrillar amyloid states of insulin were investigated using biophysical and spectroscopic techniques in combination with luminescent conjugated oligothiophenes (LCO). This new class of fluorescent probes has a well defined molecular structure with a distinct number of thiophene units that can adopt different dihedral angles depending on its binding site to an amyloid structure. Based on data from surface charge, hydrophobicity, fluorescence spectroscopy and imaging, along with atomic force microscopy (AFM), we deduce the ultrastructure and fluorescent properties of LCO stained insulin fibrils and filaments. Combined total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy (TIRFM) and AFM revealed rigid linear fibrous assemblies of fibrils whereas filaments showed a short curvilinear morphology which assemble into cloudy deposits. All studied LCOs bound to the filaments afforded more blue-shifted excitation and emission spectra in contrast to those corresponding to the fibril indicating a different LCO binding site, which was also supported by less efficient hydrophobic probe binding. Taken together, the multi-tool approach used here indicates the power of ultrastructure identification applying AFM together with LCO fluorescence interrogation, including TIRFM, to resolve structural differences between amyloid states.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI AG, POSTFACH, CH-4005 BASEL, SWITZERLAND , 2012. Vol. 13, no 2, 1461-1480 p.
Keyword [en]
amyloid proteins, oligomeric amyloid state, pre-fibrillar intermediate state, oligothiophene fluorescence stains, fluorescence assay, TIRFM-AFM
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-76025DOI: 10.3390/ijms13021461ISI: 000300715700013OAI: diva2:512818

Funding Agencies|Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research||Swedish research council||Knut and Alice Wallenberg foundation||FP7-Health "LUPAS"||RIKEN||Norwegian Research Council|183338/S10|

Available from: 2012-03-29 Created: 2012-03-23 Last updated: 2015-05-28

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