The Mitochondria of Stallion Spermatozoa Are More Sensitive Than the Plasmalemma to Osmotic-Induced Stress: Role of c-Jun N-terminal Kinase (JNK) Pathway
2011 (English)In: Journal of Andrology, ISSN 0196-3635, Vol. 33, no 1, 105-113 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Cryopreservation introduces extreme temperature and osmolality changes that impart lethal and sublethal effects on spermatozoa. Additionally, there is evidence that the osmotic stress induced by cryopreservation causes oxidative stress to spermatozoa. The main sources of reactive oxygen species in mammalian sperm are the mitochondria. In view of this, the aim of our study was to test whether or not osmotic stress was able to induce mitochondrial damage and to explore the osmotic tolerance of the mitochondria of stallion spermatozoa. Ejaculates from 7 stallions were subjected to osmolalities ranging from 75 to 1500 mOsm/kg, and the effect on sperm membrane integrity and mitochondrial membrane potential was studied. Additionally, the effects of changes in osmolality from hyposmotic to isosmotic and from hyperosmotic to isosmotic solutions were studied (osmotic excursions). The cellular volume of stallion spermatozoa under isosmotic conditions was 20.4 +/- 0.33 mu m(3). When exposed to low osmolality, the stallion spermatozoa behaved like a linear osmometer, whereas exposure to high osmolalities up to 900 mOsm/kg resulted in decreased sperm volume. Although sperm membranes were relatively resistant to changes in osmolality, mitochondrial membrane potential decreased when osmolalities were low or very high (10.7 +/- 1.74 and 16.5 +/- 1.70 at 75 and 150 mOsm/kg, respectively, and 13.1 +/- 1.83 at 1500 mOsm/kg), whereas in isosmolar controls the percentage of stallion sperm mitochondria with a high membrane potential was 41.1 +/- 1.69 (P andlt; .01). Osmotic excursions induced greater damage than exposure of spermatozoa to a given nonphysiologic osmolality, and again the mitochondria were more prone to damage induced by osmotic excursions than was the sperm plasma membrane. In search of intracellular components that could mediate these changes, we have detected for the first time the c-Jun N-terminal kinase 1/2 in stallion spermatozoa, which are apparently involved in the regulation of the viability of these cells.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Society of Andrology , 2011. Vol. 33, no 1, 105-113 p.
Sperm, osmotic stress, JNK/SAPK, flow cytometry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-76212DOI: 10.2164/jandrol.110.011957ISI: 000298535700018OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-76212DiVA: diva2:513036
Funding Agencies|Ministerio de Educacion y Ciencia-FEDER, Madrid, Spain|AGL 2010-20758 [GAN]INIA RZ2008-00018-00-00|Junta de Extremadura FEDER|GR 10010|Swedish Foundation for Equine Research (SSH), Stockholm, Sweden||2012-03-302012-03-302012-03-30