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Drug treatment in the elderly: An intervention in primary care to enhance prescription quality and quality of life
University of Örebro.
Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
University of Örebro.
2012 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care, ISSN 0281-3432, E-ISSN 1502-7724, Vol. 30, no 1, 3-9 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective. The aim of the study was to assess the effect on prescription quality and quality of life after intervention with prescription reviews and promotion of patient participation in primary care. Design. A randomized controlled study with three groups: (A) controls, (B) prescription review sent to physician, and (C) as in B and with a current comprehensive medication record sent to the patient. Setting. The municipality of Orebro, Sweden (130 000 inhabitants). Intervention. The study focused on the easiest possible intervention to increase prescription quality and thereby increase quality of life. The intervention should be cost-efficient, focus on colleague-to-colleague advice, and be possible to perform in the primary health care centre without additional resources such as a pharmacist. Subjects. 150 patients recently discharged from hospital. Inclusion criteria were: andgt;= 75 years, andgt;= five drugs and living in ordinary homes. Main outcome measures. Quality of life (EQ-5D index, EQ VAS) and quality of prescriptions. Results. Extreme polypharmacy was common and persistent in all three groups and this was accompanied by an unchanged frequency of drug-risk indicators. There was a low EQ-5D index and EQ VAS in all three groups throughout the study. No statistically significant differences were found anywhere between the groups. Conclusion. The intervention seems to have had no effect on quality of prescriptions or quality of life. This underlines the major challenge of finding new strategies for improving prescription quality to improve patient outcome measures such as quality of life and reduce the known risks of polypharmacy for the elderly.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Informa Healthcare , 2012. Vol. 30, no 1, 3-9 p.
Keyword [en]
Frail elderly, inappropriate prescribing, patient participation, polypharmacy, quality of life
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-76191DOI: 10.3109/02813432.2011.629149ISI: 000300452700002OAI: diva2:513206
Funding Agencies|Orebro County Council||Available from: 2012-03-31 Created: 2012-03-30 Last updated: 2012-03-31

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