Human Whole Body Pharmacokinetic Minimal Model for the Liver Specific Contrast Agent Gd-EOB-DTPA
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the liver is an important non-invasive tool for diagnosing liver disease. A key application is dynamic contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI). With the use of the hepatocyte specific contrast agent (CA) Gd-EOB-DTPA it is now possible to evaluate the liver function. Beyond traditional qualitative evaluation of the DCE-MRI images, parametric quantitative techniques are on the rise which yields more objective evaluations. Systems biology is a gradually expanding field using mathematical modeling to gain deeper mechanistic understanding in complex biological systems. The aim of this thesis to combine these two fields in order to derive a physiologically accurate minimal whole body model that can be used to quantitatively evaluate liver function using clinical DCE-MRI examinations.
The work is based on two previously published sources of data using Gd-EOB-DTPA in healthy humans; i) a region of interest analysis of the liver using DCE-MRI ii) a pre-clinical evaluation of the contrast agent using blood sampling. The modeling framework consists of a system of ordinary differential equations for the contrast agent dynamics and non-linear models for conversion of contrast agent concentrations to relaxivity values in the DCE-MRI image volumes.
Using a χ2-test I have shown that the model, with high probability, can fit the experimental data for doses up to twenty times the clinically used one, using the same parameters for all doses. The results also show that some of the parameters governing the hepatocyte flux of CA can be numerically identifiable. Future applications with the model might be as a basis for regional liver function assessment. This can lead to disease diagnosis and progression evaluation for physicians as well as support for surgeons planning liver resection.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 79 p.
Gadolinium ethoxybenzyl diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid, Dynamic Contrast-Enhanced MRI, Pharmacokinetics, Liver, Ordinary Differential Equation, Mathematical Modeling, Systems Biology
Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging Bioinformatics and Systems Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-76328ISRN: LIU-IMH/RV-A- -11/001- -SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-76328DiVA: diva2:513829
Subject / course
2011-06-09, Wrannesalen, CMIV, Universitetssjukhuset, Linköping, 13:30 (Swedish)
Cedersund, Gunnar, Dr
Dahlqvist Leinhard, Olof, Dr