Order/disorder gradients of n-alkanethiols on gold
1999 (English)In: Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, ISSN 0927-7765, E-ISSN 1873-4367, Vol. 15, no 1, 57-70 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This paper explores the interfacial properties of one-dimensional molecular gradients of alkanethiols (HS-(CH2)(n)- X) on gold. The kinetics and thermodynamics of monolayer formation are important issues for these types of mixed molecular assemblies. The influence of chain length difference on the contact angles with hexadecane (HD), theta(a) and theta(r), and the hysteresis, has been studied by employing alkanethiols HS-(CH2)(n)-CH3, with n = 9, 11, 13, 15 and 17, in the preparation of the self-assembled monolayers (SAM) gradients. The contact angles with hexadecane, at the very extreme ends of the gradients, show characteristic values of a highly ordered CH3-like assembly: theta(a) = 45-50 degrees. In the middle of the gradients theta(a) drops noticeably and exhibits values representative for CH2-like polymethylenes, theta(a) = 20-30 degrees, indicating a substantial disordering of the protruding chains of the longer component in the gradient assembly. As expected, the exposure of CH2-groups to the probing liquid increases with increasing differential chain length of the two n-alkanethiol used, in this case eight methylene units. However, the contact angles always display a non-zero value which means that even at a chain length difference of eight methylene units there is a substantial exposure of methyl (CH3) groups to the probing liquid. With infrared reflection-absorption spectroscopy (IRAS) we have monitored the structural behavior of the polymethylene chains along the gradient. We find complementary evidence for disordered chains in the gradient region, and the IRAS results correlate well with the contact angle measurements. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier , 1999. Vol. 15, no 1, 57-70 p.
gold; interfacial properties; molecular gradients
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-76332DOI: 10.1016/S0927-7765(98)00051-4ISI: 000083093400005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-76332DiVA: diva2:513894