Bowel preparation for excretory urography is not necessary: a randomized trial
2007 (English)In: British Journal of Radiology, ISSN 0007-1285, E-ISSN 1748-880X, Vol. 80, no 956, 617-624 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Despite the fact that computed tomography is becoming more commonly used to investigate the genitourinary tract, intravenous urography still plays an important role in uroradiology. The aim of this study was to compare bowel purgation and two other preparation methods — dietary restrictions and no preparations at all — in an attempt to find the optimal procedure for uniform practice. 210 consecutive patients were randomised to three preparation groups with 70 in each group. Group 1 received standard bowel purgation, Group 2 was instructed to fast, while Group 3 had no preparation at all. Irrespective of preparation, all patients underwent the same examination procedure. The examining radiographer and evaluating radiologists were unaware of the type of preparation given. Image quality was assessed according to European Commission criteria for excretory urography. The effectiveness of bowel purgation and the amount of residual gas were scored separately. There was no statistically significant difference in the proportions with fulfilled criteria between preparation Groups 1 and 2 and Groups 1 and 3. A criterion was regarded as fulfilled only when all three observers agreed. Assessment of the amount of residual faeces proved the effectiveness of our standard bowel purgation. The results of our study show equality of the evaluated preparation methods and cannot justify further use of bowel purgation before excretory urography.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 80, no 956, 617-624 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-76719DOI: 10.1259/bjr/78311002ISI: 000249951000005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-76719DiVA: diva2:516369