Virtual non-contrast dual-energy CT compared to single-energy CT of the urinary tract: a prospective study
2012 (English)In: Acta Radiologica, ISSN 0284-1851, E-ISSN 1600-0455, Vol. 53, no 6, 689-694 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: Dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) has been shown to be useful for subtracting bone or calcium in CT angiography and gives an opportunity to produce a virtual non-contrast-enhanced (VNC) image from a series where contrast agents have been given intravenously. High noise levels and low resolution have previously limited the diagnostic value of the VNC images created with the first generation of DECT. With the recent introduction of a second generation of DECT, there is a possibility of obtaining VNC images with better image quality at hopefully lower radiation dose compared to the previous generation.
Purpose: The aim of this study is to compare the image quality of the single-energy series to a VNC series obtained with a two generations of DECT scanners. CT of the urinary tract was used as a model.
Material and Methods: Thirty patients referred for evaluation of haematuria were examined with an older system (Somatom Definition) and another 30 patients with a new generation (Somatom Definition Flash). One single-energy series was obtained before and one dual-energy series after administration of intravenous contrast media. We created a VNC series from the contrast-enhanced images. Images were assessed concerning image quality with a visual grading scale evaluation of the VNC series with the single-energy series as gold standard.
Results: The image quality of the VNC images was rated inferior to the single-energy variant for both scanners, OR range 11.5-67.3 for the Definition and OR 2.1-2.8 for the Definition Flash. Visual noise and overall quality were regarded as better with Flash than Definition.
Conclusions: Image quality of VNC images obtained with the new generation of DECT is still slightly inferior compared to native images. However the difference is smaller with the new compared to the older system.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Informa Healthcare, 2012. Vol. 53, no 6, 689-694 p.
Dual-energy computed tomography, image quality, urinary tract imaging, virtual non-enhanced image series, bone-iodine differentiation
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-76721DOI: 10.1258/ar.2012.110661ISI: 000306984000017OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-76721DiVA: diva2:516376