Municipal Solid Waste Management in an urban area of China: Case studies of Shanghai, China and Linköping, Sweden.
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
With the rapid and large increase of waste quantities, China, surpassed the USA as the world’s largest municipal solid waste (MSW) generator since 2004. The phenomena and critical issues of MSWM in China inspired this paper to investigate and analyse the MSWM in an urban area of China. Comparing with the increasing rates of MSW generation, little has been done concerning the municipal solid waste management (MSWM). Not only the local government and authorities are responsible for the MSWM, but also the individuals are playing a significant role in MSWM. An integrated waste management system should be built in order to improve the holistic MSW system and reduce the waste production. The aim of the study is to investigate and analyse the current status and problems of MSWM in an urban area of China and to analyse to what extent a viable reduction of the MSW can be implemented and management systems to be improved in the near future. In this study, two case studies of Shanghai and Linköping are employed and compared to explore the challenges and potentials for improving the MSWM system in China. The result indicated that inadequate facilities and infrastructure, less advanced technology, insufficient public participation, low awareness of environmental protection, problems in policy and laws are the major barriers for the improvement of MSWM. Involving international environmental cooperation activities, planning a sustainable and comprehensive policy and framework for MSWM, introducing economic incentive approaches, promoting the capacities of waste management technologies, raising public environmental awareness are believed to be viable solutions to improve the MSWM system in China.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 52 p.
Municipal solid waste management, source reduction, composting, biogas, incineration, landfill
Other Natural Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-76770ISRN: LIU-TEMAV/MPSSD-A- -12/007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-76770DiVA: diva2:516735
Subject / course
Master´s in Science for Sustainable Development
2011-09-13, 09:05 (English)
UppsokLife Earth Science
Danielsson, ÅsaSvensson, Bo