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Konsultens ansvar för skada på byggnad med oventilerad fasad
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Law and Legal Philosophy. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
The building designer´s liability for damages on a building constructed with the EIFS-method (English)
Abstract [sv]

Under 2000-talet har fler och fler svenska byggnader drabbats av fuktskador som en följd av att byggnaderna har uppförts med den så kallade enstegsmetoden. Vid undersökningar som har gjorts av fasaden efter det att skadorna uppmärksammades, har det funnits att fasadkonstruktionen i sitt utförande blir mycket känslig för fukt. Denna känslighet för fukt hos fasaden har fram till dess att en rapport från SP släpptes år 2007, varit helt okänd för konsult- och  entreprenadbranschen. Frågan blir då vem som egentligen ansvarar för dessa skador.

Enligt det standardavtal, AB 04, som används i dagsläget på byggmarknaden föreligger endast ett fel om en del av entreprenaden inte överensstämmer med kontraktshandlingarna. Detta medför att ett fel, för vilket entreprenören svarar, endast föreligger om entreprenören vid konstruktionen av entreprenaden har frångått från kontraktshandlingarna. Intressant blir då att studera konsultens ansvarssituation. Det standardavtal för konsultbranschen som används inom byggbranschen reglerar endast de yttre ramarna av konsultens professionsansvar. Detta medför således att det är av avgörande vikt att fastställa hur konsulten ska ha agerat för att denne ska kunna anses ha agerat i enlighet med de plikter som åligger konsulten inom ramen för professionsansvaret. Har konsulten brutit mot professionsansvaret torde bedömningen kunna bli att denne har handlat vårdslöst.

Uppsatsen belyser de skyldigheter som åligger konsulten enligt dennes professionsansvar och om denne har agerat i enlighet med detta när projekteringen av de enstegstätade fasaderna gjordes. Uppsatsen utreder även om konsulten kan bli ansvarig gentemot annan än sin direkte medkontrahent och om det förfarande som konsulten har använt sig av kan bedömas som grovt vårdslöst.

Abstract [en]

During the later part of the 1900´s and the early part of the 21st century an increasing number of Swedish buildings have sustained damages because of moisture. These damages can be traced back to the usage of the ”Exterior Insulation and finishing system” or ”EIFS” when constructing the outer facade. The main problem when using the EIFS method, is that the facade becomes very susceptible towards moisture. The issue with moisture was completely unknown to the Swedish construction industry, until 2007, when a report from the Swedish National Testing Institute (SP) was released which addressed the problems. The question now arises who, in the construction industry, is to be held liable for these damages.

In accordance with the standardized contracts that are being used in the construction industry, a fault for which the contractor is liable, only occurs if the contractor has built the construction in such a way that is not in compliance with the contract established between the parties, e.g. the construction differs from blue prints etc. This means that the contractor only is liable for damages which have occurred due to the contractors failure to build the construction in accordance with the contract. Therefore it is of importance to investigate whether the building designer is liable or not. The standardized contracts used for building designers, only regulate the outer limits of the designer ´s liability. Therefore it becomes very important to analyse what the designer has to have done in order to fulfil his duties as a professional. If the designer has not acted in accordance with the duties that are incumbent upon him as a professional, it is reasonable to believe that he has been negligent when designing a facade with the EIFS-method.

The thesis aims to present the duties that are incumbent upon the designer as a professional, and to determine whether the designer has fulfilled these duties when designing a building using the EIFSmethod. The thesis also aims to investigate whether the designer can be held liable towards other parties than the contracting party.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 77 p.
Keyword [sv]
konsultansvar, enstegstätad fasad, ABK 09
National Category
Law (excluding Law and Society)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-76992ISRN: LIU-IEI-FIL-A--12-01169--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-76992DiVA: diva2:524140
Subject / course
Master of Science Thesis (Magisteruppsats från Affärsjuridiska programmet)
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Available from: 2012-05-02 Created: 2012-04-27 Last updated: 2012-05-02Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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