Risk factors for postoperative complications after fast-track abdominal hysterectomy
2012 (English)In: Australian and New Zealand journal of obstetrics and gynaecology, ISSN 0004-8666, E-ISSN 1479-828X, Vol. 52, no 2, 113-120 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: Fast-track regimen has been shown to reduce postoperative complications in gastrointestinal surgery. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanAims: We investigated the incidence and type of postoperative complications and associated risk factors after benign abdominal hysterectomy undertaken in a fast-track program. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanMethods: A prospective longitudinal cohort study. In five Swedish hospitals, a cohort of 162 women, ASA 1-2, undergoing abdominal hysterectomy in a fast-track program was prospectively studied. Surgery was performed under spinal or general anaesthesia. The fast-track concept was standardised with discharge criteria and a restricted intravenous fluid regimen. Complications were systematically registered during the five-week follow-up period. Risk factors for complications were analysed using multiple logistic regression models. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanResults: Forty-one (25.3%) developed postoperative complications, mainly infection and wound healing complications. The majority of the complications developed after discharge and were treated in the outpatient clinics. Four women (2.5%) were readmitted to hospital. Substantial risk factors for postoperative complications were obesity (OR 8.83), prior laparotomy (OR 2.92) and relative increase in body weight on the first postoperative day (OR 1.52). less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanConclusions: Minor infection and wound healing complications seem to be common in healthy women undergoing abdominal hysterectomy in a fast-track program. Obesity is an important risk factor also in fast-track abdominal hysterectomy. A modest increase in postoperative relative weight gain during the first postoperative day seemed to increase the risk of postoperative complications. This factor merits further study. Randomised studies are necessary to determine the impact of fast-track program and perioperative fluid regimens on postoperative complications.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell , 2012. Vol. 52, no 2, 113-120 p.
fast track, hysterectomy, postoperative complications, risk factors
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-76946DOI: 10.1111/j.1479-828X.2011.01395.xISI: 000302233100003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-76946DiVA: diva2:524368
Funding Agencies|Medical Research Council of South East Sweden; Linkoping University||County Council of Ostergotland||2012-05-022012-04-272015-06-08