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Coenzyme Q10 prevents GDP-sensitive mitochondrial uncoupling, glomerular hyperfiltration and proteinuria in kidneys from db/db mice as a model of type 2 diabetes
Biomed Centre, Uppsala.
Biomed Centre, Uppsala.
Karolinska Institute, Stockholm.
Karolinska Institute, Stockholm.
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2012 (English)In: Diabetologia, ISSN 0012-186X, E-ISSN 1432-0428, Vol. 55, no 5, 1535-1543 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims/hypothesis  Increased oxygen consumption results in kidney tissue hypoxia, which is proposed to contribute to the development of diabetic nephropathy. Oxidative stress causes increased oxygen consumption in type 1 diabetic kidneys, partly mediated by uncoupling protein-2 (UCP-2)-induced mitochondrial uncoupling. The present study investigates the role of UCP-2 and oxidative stress in mitochondrial oxygen consumption and kidney function in db/db mice as a model of type 2 diabetes. 

Methods  Mitochondrial oxygen consumption, glomerular filtration rate and proteinuria were investigated in db/db mice and corresponding controls with and without coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) treatment.

Results  Untreated db/db mice displayed mitochondrial uncoupling, manifested as glutamate-stimulated oxygen consumption (2.7 ± 0.1 vs 0.2 ± 0.1 pmol O2 s−1 [mg protein]−1), glomerular hyperfiltration (502 ± 26 vs 385 ± 3 μl/min), increased proteinuria (21 ± 2 vs 14 ± 1, μg/24 h), mitochondrial fragmentation (fragmentation score 2.4 ± 0.3 vs 0.7 ± 0.1) and size (1.6 ± 0.1 vs 1 ± 0.0 μm) compared with untreated controls. All alterations were prevented or reduced by CoQ10 treatment. Mitochondrial uncoupling was partly inhibited by the UCP inhibitor GDP (−1.1 ± 0.1 pmol O2 s−1 [mg protein]−1). UCP-2 protein levels were similar in untreated control and db/db mice (67 ± 9 vs 67 ± 4 optical density; OD) but were reduced in CoQ10 treated groups (43 ± 2 and 38 ± 7 OD).

Conclusions/interpretation  db/db mice displayed oxidative stress-mediated activation of UCP-2, which resulted in mitochondrial uncoupling and increased oxygen consumption. CoQ10 prevented altered mitochondrial function and morphology, glomerular hyperfiltration and proteinuria in db/db mice, highlighting the role of mitochondria in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy and the benefits of preventing increased oxidative stress.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Verlag (Germany) , 2012. Vol. 55, no 5, 1535-1543 p.
Keyword [en]
db/db mice, Kidney, Mitochondria, Type 2 diabetes, Uncoupling protein-2
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-77324DOI: 10.1007/s00125-012-2469-5ISI: 000302994600036OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-77324DiVA: diva2:526341
Note

Funding Agencies|Swedish Research Council||Swedish Diabetes Foundation||Family Erling-Persson Foundation||European Commission|FP7-KBBE-2009245030|NIH/NIDDK|DK-07785|

Available from: 2012-05-11 Created: 2012-05-11 Last updated: 2017-12-07

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Palm, Fredrik

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