Nitric oxide independent activation of guanylate cyclase by YC-1 causes erectile responses in the rat.
2002 (English)In: Journal of Urology, ISSN 0022-5347, E-ISSN 1527-3792, Vol. 167, no 5, 2276-81 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
PURPOSE: Activation of soluble guanylate cyclase with a subsequent increase in intracellular levels of cyclic guanosine monophosphate is necessary for normal erection. In vascular tissue 3(5'-hydroxymethyl-2'-furyl-1-benzyl indazole (YC-1) (Abbott Laboratories, North Chicago, Illinois) has been shown to stimulate soluble guanylate cyclase independent of nitric oxide. We studied whether YC-1 modulates erectile responses in the rat.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The effects of YC-1 given intracavernously or intraperitoneally on intracavernous pressure were investigated in rats. Functional effects of YC-1 on neuronal and endothelial nitric oxide relaxations were studied in 3 x 10(-6) M. 1-noradrenaline contracted preparations of rat isolated corpus cavernosum.
RESULTS: Intracavernous YC-1 (10 micromol. kg.-1) produced erectile responses with a mean intracavernous pressure plus or minus standard error of mean of 81 +/- 17 cm. water (p <0.001) and a mean duration of 7.1 +/- 3.3 minutes (p <0.001). YC-1 (10 micromol. kg.-1) given intraperitoneally also increased the amplitude and duration of erectile responses to cavernous nerve stimulation. Mean peak intracavernous pressure increased from 63 +/- 6 to 10(2) +/- 16 cm. water (p <0.05). Erections induced by a submaximal dose of 25 microg. kg.-1 apomorphine s.c. increased in number after 10 micromol. kg.-1 YC-1 intraperitoneally (p <0.05). In vitro nerve induced relaxant responses were enhanced by increasing concentrations of YC-1. Relaxations at 20 Hz. were increased from a mean of 9% +/- 5% to 52% +/- 5% at a YC-1 concentration of 10(-5) M. (p <0.001). At this concentration carbachol induced relaxations were enhanced from a mean of 19% +/- 3% to 40% +/- 9% (p <0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: YC-1 can evoke erectile responses when given intracavernously and it enhances erections induced by cavernous nerve stimulation and apomorphine when given systemically. In vitro YC-1 enhances electrically evoked relaxations in rat corpus cavernosum. YC-1 represents an interesting pharmacological principle that may be useful for treating erectile dysfunction.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 167, no 5, 2276-81 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-77631DOI: 10.1016/S0022-5347(05)65142-7PubMedID: 11956492OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-77631DiVA: diva2:528154