Could gastrointestinal disorders differ in two close but divergent social environments?
2012 (English)In: International Journal of Health Geographics, ISSN 1476-072X, Vol. 11, no 5Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: Many public health problems in modern society affect the gastrointestinal area. Knowledge of the disease occurrence in populations is better understood if viewed in a psychosocial context including indicators of the social environment where people spend their lives. The general aim of this study was to estimate the occurrence in the population and between sexes of common gastrointestinal conditions in two neighborhood cities representing two different social environments defined as a "white-collar" and a "blue-collar" city. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanMethods: We conducted a retrospective register study using data of diagnosed gastrointestinal disorders (cumulative incidence rates) derived from an administrative health care register based on medical records assigned by the physicians at hospitals and primary care. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanResults: Functional gastrointestinal diseases and peptic ulcers were more frequent in the white-collar city, while diagnoses in the gallbladder area were significantly more frequent in the blue-collar city. Functional dyspepsia, irritable bowel syndrome, and unspecified functional bowel diseases, and celiac disease, were more frequent among women while esophageal reflux, peptic ulcers, gastric and rectal cancers were more frequent among men regardless of social environment. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanConclusions: Knowledge of the occurrence of gastrointestinal problems in populations is better understood if viewed in a context were the social environment is included. Indicators of the social environment should therefore also be considered in future studies of the occurrence of gastrointestinal problems.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central , 2012. Vol. 11, no 5
Social environment, General population, Gastrointestinal disorders, Sex, Public health
National CategoryMedical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-77546DOI: 10.1186/1476-072X-11-5ISI: 000303154600001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-77546DiVA: diva2:528347