Extended studies of degradation mechanisms in the refractory lining of a rotary kiln for iron ore pellet production
2012 (English)In: Journal of the European Ceramic Society, ISSN 0955-2219, Vol. 32, no 8, 1519-1528 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Changes, over a period of 8 years, in the chemical composition and morphology of deposit and lining materials in a production rotary kiln for iron ore pellet manufacture are described. The following have been studied: two types of refractory brick used as lining material; deposited chunk materials from the lining; the interaction zones between deposits and linings. Morphological changes at the deposit/lining interface, and the active chemical reactions, are established. Larger hematite grains in the deposit material (5-50 mu m) primarily remain at the original deposit/lining interface. The remainder penetrates fissures, voids and brick joints, forms a laminar structure with corundum from the bricks, and migrates in grains in the lining material. Potassium penetrates more deeply into the bricks than hematite, resulting in the formation of kalsilite, leucite and potassium beta-alumina, which contribute to degradation of the lining.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier , 2012. Vol. 32, no 8, 1519-1528 p.
Electron microscopy, Corrosion, Al2O3, Mullite, Refractories
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-77517DOI: 10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2012.01.012ISI: 000303279600007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-77517DiVA: diva2:528616
Funding Agencies|Hjalmar Lundbohm Research Centre (HLRC)||2012-05-282012-05-222013-10-02