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(Mis)Understanding Exploitation
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Health and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3071-9609
2011 (English)In: IRB: Ethics and Human Research, ISSN 0193-7758, Vol. 33, no 2, 1-5 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The term exploitation is notoriously hard to define. Yet it is frequently invoked to frame moral concerns about clinical research. Recently, a group of influential authors have proposed a so-called “non-exploitation framework” for the ethics of randomized controlled trials that appears to address these concerns. In this paper, I challenge one basic assumption of that framework: the idea that non-exploitation in research requires participants to be protected from excessive risks, understood as risks that are not outweighed by the benefits that the research is expected to lead to. Drawing on examples of exploitation in other contexts, I show that this idea has highly counterintuitive implications. I conclude that the non-exploitation framework obscures concerns about exploitation in biomedical research rather than clarifying them.   

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Hastings Center , 2011. Vol. 33, no 2, 1-5 p.
Keyword [en]
biomedical research, exploitation, randomized controlled trials, risks and benefits, the non-exploitation framework
National Category
Medical Ethics
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-77793OAI: diva2:529293
Available from: 2012-05-29 Created: 2012-05-29 Last updated: 2016-05-04

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Malmqvist, Erik
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Health and SocietyFaculty of Arts and Sciences
Medical Ethics

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