Prevention of acute knee injuries in adolescent female football players: cluster randomised controlled trial
2012 (English)In: BMJ. British Medical Journal, ISSN 0959-535X, E-ISSN 1756-1833, Vol. 344Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of neuromuscular training in reducing the rate of acute knee injury in adolescent female football players. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanDesign Stratified cluster randomised controlled trial with clubs as the unit of randomisation. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanSetting 230 Swedish football clubs (121 in the intervention group, 109 in the control group) were followed for one season (2009, seven months). less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanParticipants 4564 players aged 12-17 years (2479 in the intervention group, 2085 in the control group) completed the study. Intervention 15 minute neuromuscular warm-up programme (targeting core stability, balance, and proper knee alignment) to be carried out twice a week throughout the season. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanMain outcome measures The primary outcome was rate of anterior cruciate ligament injury; secondary outcomes were rates of severe knee injury (andgt;4 weeks absence) and any acute knee injury. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanResults Seven players (0.28%) in the intervention group, and 14 (0.67%) in the control group had an anterior cruciate ligament injury. By Cox regression analysis according to intention to treat, a 64% reduction in the rate of anterior cruciate ligament injury was seen in the intervention group (rate ratio 0.36, 95% confidence interval 0.15 to 0.85). The absolute rate difference was -0.07 (95% confidence interval -0.13 to 0.001) per 1000 playing hours in favour of the intervention group. No significant rate reductions were seen for secondary outcomes. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanConclusions A neuromuscular warm-up programme significantly reduced the rate of anterior cruciate ligament injury in adolescent female football players. However, the absolute rate difference did not reach statistical significance, possibly owing to the small number of events.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BMJ Publishing Group: BMJ , 2012. Vol. 344
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-77727DOI: 10.1136/bmj.e3042ISI: 000303817700001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-77727DiVA: diva2:529455
Funding Agencies|Swedish Football Association||Folksam Insurance Company||Swedish National Centre for Research in Sports||Hassleholm Hospital||2012-05-302012-05-282013-09-04