Entrepreneurship against all odds: tool to create social cohesion, inclusion and jobs
2012 (English)In: 17th Nordic Conference on Small Business Research (NCSB 2012), Helsinki, FINLAND, ABSTRACT VOLUME / [ed] Markku Virtanen, Helsinki, Finland: School of Economics Small Business Center , 2012, 1- p.Conference paper (Other academic)
Large sums have during the recent years been allocated towards the European Social Fund (ESF) goals of job creation, inclusion and social cohesion. Entrepreneurship has been launched as important tool to reach the desired outcomes. In this paper we have investigated whether entrepreneurship is present in the context of ESF projects, how it is constituted and, by whom it is carried out. The findings show that there were grains of entrepreneurship in most of the projects studied. It was carried out by project participants in the form of new general ventures, and in the form of social entrepreneurship ventures. In the latter, the targeted individuals were in a deep social exclusion position, and the entrepreneurship was carried out by the project managers. Jobs and inclusion were created, but we question for how long.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Helsinki, Finland: School of Economics Small Business Center , 2012. 1- p.
entrepreneurship, social entrepreneurship, necessity entrepreneurship, ESF project, social exclusion, cohesion, inclusion
Economics and Business Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-77887OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-77887DiVA: diva2:529726
17th Nordic Conference on Small Business Research (NCSB 2012), May 23 - 25, Helsinki, FINLAND