Working memory capacity modulates habituation rate: Evidence from a cross-modal auditory distraction paradigm
2012 (English)In: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, ISSN 1069-9384, Vol. 19, no 2, 245-250 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Habituation of the orienting response is a pivotal part of selective attention, and previous research has related working memory capacity (WMC) to attention control. Against this background, the purpose of this study was to investigate whether individual differences in WMC contribute to habituation rate. The participants categorized visual targets across six blocks of trials. Each target was preceded either by a standard sound or, on rare trials, by a deviant. The magnitude of the deviation effect (i.e., prolonged response time when the deviant was presented) was relatively large in the beginning but attenuated toward the end. There was no relationship between WMC and the deviation effect at the beginning, but there was at the end, and greater WMC was associated with greater habituation. These results indicate that high memory ability increases habituation rate, and they support theories proposing a role for cognitive control in habituation and in some forms of auditory distraction.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Psychonomic Society / Springer Verlag (Germany) , 2012. Vol. 19, no 2, 245-250 p.
Auditory distraction, Deviation effect, Habituation, Working memory capacity, Oddball task
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-77963DOI: 10.3758/s13423-011-0203-9ISI: 000303886200015OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-77963DiVA: diva2:530245