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Risk of disability pension in relation to sex and age in a Swedish county 1985-1996; A 12-year prospective cohort study.
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Preventive and Social Medicine and Public Health Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0279-5903
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Preventive and Social Medicine and Public Health Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Department of Health and Society, Tema Health and Society. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Department of Social Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Göteborg, Göteborg, Sweden.
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2004 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Background

Number of persons on disability pension is increasing in many countries. So far the nowledge on risk for disability pension in a population over time is very limited.

Aim

To estimate the cumulative probability of disability pension among women and men in different age groups over a 12-year period.

Methods

A population-based prospective longitudinal cohort study. All the 229,864 sick-insured individuals, aged 16–64 years in the Swedish County of Östergötland in 1984 who then had no disability or old age pension were followed to 1996. The following data was obtained for each of the 12 years for all the individuals: disability pension status, old-age retirement status, and date of death. The probability of being granted disability pension over the study period was estimated using life tables. The risk for disability pension was modelled as a function of sex and age using a Cox's proportional hazards model. 95% confidence intervals were calculated.

Results

The cumulative estimates of the probability (in %) of being granted disability pension over 5 years adjusted for mortality and age retirement were, respectively 0.3, 0.9, 1.8, 6.3, and 22.8 for men and 0.4, 1.4, 3.2, 9.2, and 21.5 for women in the age groups 16–24, 25–34, 35–44, 45–54, and 55–64 years. The probabilities increased much over the years, more so for the women. The hazard ratios of disability pension for women vs. men were 1.6 (1.4–1.8), 1.9 (1.7–2.0), 1.7 (1.6–1.8), 1.2 (1.2–1.3), and 0.9 (0.9–0.9) in the same five age groups.

Conclusions

There were significant both age and sex differences in the risk of being granted disability pension. The former was expected but that the later was so large and differed with ages was not expected. Except for the age group 55–64 years, women had a higher risk of disability pension than men. More knowledge is needed on factors affecting this.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-78032OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-78032DiVA: diva2:530899
Conference
12th EUPHA conference: Urbanisation and Health: New Challenges in Health Promotion and Prevention. Oslo, 7-9 October 2004.
Available from: 2012-06-05 Created: 2012-06-05 Last updated: 2013-09-03Bibliographically approved

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Karlsson, NadineBorg, KarinCarstensen, John

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