Benzene, coronene, and circumcoronene adsorbed on gold, and a gold cluster adsorbed on graphene: Structural and electronic properties
2012 (English)In: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, ISSN 1098-0121, E-ISSN 1550-235X, Vol. 85, no 20, 205423- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Density functional theory (DFT) calculations were performed in order to investigate the stability and the electronic structure of graphene-gold interfaces. Two configurations were studied: a gold cluster interacting with graphene and different polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) molecules, namely, C6H6 (benzene), C24H12 (coronene), and C54H18 (circumcoronene) adsorbed on an Au(111) surface. Nonlocal interactions were accounted for by using the semiempirical DFT-D2 method of Grimme. A limited set of calculations were also performed by using the first-principles van der Waals density functional method (vdW-DF). Adsorption distances around 3 angstrom and electronic charge transfer values of about (3-13) x 10(-3)e(-) per carbon atom were predicted for all systems. No major changes resulting from the adsorption of the gold cluster were detected in the graphenes density of states. The DFT-D2 results involving the adsorption of the PAH molecules on gold show an estimated binding energy of 73 meV per carbon atom, as well as an electronic charge loss of 0.10 x 10(-2) e(-), also per carbon atom, for an extended graphene sheet adsorbed on a gold surface. The modeling of the adsorption of C6H6 molecule on a gold surface suggests that the vdW-DF method provides more accurate results for the binding energies of such systems, in comparison to pure DFT calculations, which do not take the nonlocal interactions into account, as well as to simulations employing the DFT-D2 method.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Physical Society , 2012. Vol. 85, no 20, 205423- p.
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-78270DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.85.205423ISI: 000304081900010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-78270DiVA: diva2:531840
Funding Agencies|Swedish Foundation for International Cooperation in Research and Higher Education (STINT)|YR2009-7017|Swedish Research Council (VR)||2012-06-082012-06-082015-05-11