Constant Envelope Precoding for Power-Efficient Downlink Wireless Communicationin Multi-User MIMO Systems Using Large Antenna Arrays
2012 (English)In: 2012 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing, IEEE Press, 2012, 2949-2952 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
We consider downlink cellular multi-user communication betweena base station (BS) having $N$ antennas and $M$ single-antenna users, i.e.,an $N \times M$ Gaussian Broadcast Channel (GBC).Under an average only total transmit power constraint (APC), large antenna arrays at the BS (having tens to a few hundred antennas) have been recently shown to achieve remarkablemulti-user interference (MUI) suppression with simple precoding techniques.However, building large arrays in practice, would require cheap/power-efficient Radio-Frequency(RF) electronic components. The type of transmitted signal that facilitates the use ofmost power-efficient RF components is a constant envelope (CE) signal (i.e.,the amplitude of the signal transmitted from each antenna is constant for every channel useand every channel realization).Under certain mild channel conditions (including i.i.d. fading), we analytically show that,even under the stringent per-antenna CE transmission constraint (compared to APC),MUI suppression can still be achieved with large antenna arrays. Our analysis also reveals that,with a fixed $M$ and increasing $N$, the total transmitted power can be reduced while maintaining a constant signal-to-interference-noise-ratio (SINR) level at each user.We also propose a novel low-complexity CE precoding scheme, using which,we confirm our analytical observations for the i.i.d. Rayleigh fading channel, through Monte-Carlo simulations.Simulation of the information sum-rate under the per-antenna CE constraint, shows that, for a fixed $M$ and a fixed desired sum-rate, the required total transmit powerdecreases linearly with increasing $N$, i.e.,an $O(N)$ array power gain.Also, in terms of the total transmit power required to achieve a fixed desired information sum-rate,despite the stringent per-antenna CE constraint, the proposed CE precoding scheme performs close to the GBC sum-capacity (under APC) achieving scheme.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE Press, 2012. 2949-2952 p.
, Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing, ISSN 1520-6149
multi-user, per-antenna, large antenna array, constant envelope
Communication Systems Telecommunications
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-78476DOI: 10.1109/ICASSP.2012.6288534ISBN: 978-1-4673-0044-5 (online)ISBN: 978-1-4673-0045-2 (print)ISBN: 978-1-4673-0046-9OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-78476DiVA: diva2:533193
IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP)