Habitatpreferenser hos tjockskalig målarmussla (Unio crassus) med avseende på vattendjup och beskuggning.
Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10,5 credits / 16 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Habitat preferences of the thick-shelled river mussel (Unio crassus) regarding water depth and shading. (English)
The thick-shelled river mussel (Unio crassus) is a red listed species classified as Endangered (EN) and is also considered within the Habitats Directive. The distribution in Sweden is fragmented and it is mostly occurring in the south eastern parts. We investigated the presence of Unio crassus in a section of the stream Storån, Östergötland County, from Falerum to the inflow into Lake Åkervristen. The environmental parameters investigated were water depth, bottom substrate, shading, water velocity and the slope over the water surface. In this thesis I have focused mainly on water depth and shading, comparing sites with and without mussels. In addition, I used a multivariate PCA analysis to evaluate all parameters together. The water depth was significantly larger in habitats with mussels than in those without. Shading varied from 5 to 80 %, but there was no significant difference between habitats with and without mussels. There was no correlation between water depth and mussel density and not between shading and mussel density either. The multivariate PCA analysis showed that the habitats with and without mussels were different from with regard to the PC1 axis, which included water depth, bottom substrate and water velocity. Alone, the water depth is not enough to predict the presence of Unio crassus in the stream, and it is likely that more parameters need to be considered. Previous work indicate that the more parameters and habitats that are investigated, the more confident results can be stated of which habitats Unio crassus prefer.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 26 p.
Unio crassus, thick-shelled river mussel, habitat preferences, water depth, shading
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-78961ISRN: LITH-IFM-G-EX--12/2665--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-78961DiVA: diva2:537257
Subject / course
UppsokLife Earth Science
Hargeby, Anders, UniversitetslektorGustafsson, Peter
Bergman, Karl-Olof, Universitetslektor