Attention to environmental problems in the Southeastern Anatolia Project: imbalances and shifts in focus over time
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
The purpose of the paper is to analyze how environmental problems generally associated with the implementation of dam projects and irrigation schemes are attended to in reports and articles on the Southeastern Anatolia Project (GAP) in Turkey. Of particular interest are changes in the focus of attention over time from 1970 to 2000, and differences in the degree of attention given to individual environmental problems, to three main categories of environmental problems, and to problems associated with dam projects and irrigation schemes respectively. The defined problem categories are (a) problematic environmental conditions in a region that may motivate project implementation, (b) environmental effects of a project that may undermine its productivity, longevity, or viability, and (c) environmental effects of a project that do not pose any threat to its fmancial and operational success, but with potential tmdesirable impacts on the ecological functioning of the environment or on other societal interests.
The results reveal important imbalances in the total degree of attention given to individual environmental problems, the three problem categories, and to problems of dam projects and irrigation schemes. Most attention is given to motivating environmental conditions of the dam projects and to project-undermining environmental effects of the irrigation schemes, particularly soil salinization, increased surface and groundwater salinity, and soil erosion. Least attention is given to the projectindifferentdownstream environmental effects of the dam projects. The results also display notable shifts in the focus of attention over time. Possible reasons for the discovered imbalances and shifts in attention are discussed.
Large dam project, Environmental consideration, Environmental effects, Irrigation development, Southeastern Anatolia Project, Turkey
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-78971OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-78971DiVA: diva2:537330