Effects of stress on fowl and their need for social support
Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Domestication has taken place over thousands of years and during that time we have bred animals on different traits. The red jungle fowl is the ancestor to all domesticated chicks, including the white leghorn which is used in egg production. The domestication of the red jungle fowl has resulted in behavioral changes between itself and domesticated breeds, such as white leghorn. In this study we examine how these two breeds handle stress and whether or not they use social support when coping and recovering from a stress experience. The study took place in a built arena with two stimuli animals on each side. There the animal was studied for 5 minutes, stressed for 3 minutes and studied again for 5 minutes. We found that the red jungle fowl males spent more time in the unfamiliar zone before stress than males of the white leghorn. Our results also showed that the females of white leghorn and red jungle fowl spent more time in the familiar zone than males after being stressed. This is an indication that they are more dependent on social support from familiar animals after stress than the males are. Aggressive behavior was also observed among the males. Red jungle fowl males acted aggressively towards the unfamiliar stimuli animals and the white leghorn towards the familiar stimuli animals. In conclusion, we found that the females where in greater need of social support than the males.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 22 p.
White leghorn, Red jungle fowl, Stress, Social Support, Domestication
Behavioral Sciences Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-79046ISRN: LiTH-IFM- Ex--12/2670--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-79046DiVA: diva2:537998
Subject / course
2012-05-31, A2, Linköpings Universitet, Linköping, 08:00 (Swedish)
UppsokLife Earth Science