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Boundary characteristic point regularity for Navier-Stokes equations: Blow-up scaling and Petrovskii-type criterion (a formal approach)
University of Bath, England .
Linköping University, Department of Mathematics, Mathematics and Applied Mathematics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
2012 (English)In: Nonlinear Analysis, ISSN 0362-546X, E-ISSN 1873-5215, Vol. 75, no 12, 4534-4559 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The three-dimensional (3D) Navier-Stokes equations less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanu(t) + (u . del)u = -del p + Delta u, divu = 0 in Q(0), (0.1) less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanwhere u = [u, v, w](T) is the vector field and p is the pressure, are considered. Here, Q(0) subset of R-3 x [-1, 0) is a smooth domain of a typical backward paraboloid shape, with the vertex (0, 0) being its only characteristic point: the plane {t = 0} is tangent to. partial derivative Q(0) at the origin, and other characteristics for t is an element of [0,-1) intersect. partial derivative Q(0) transversely. Dirichlet boundary conditions on the lateral boundary. partial derivative Q(0) and smooth initial data are prescribed: less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanu = 0 on. partial derivative Q(0), and u(x, -1) = u(0)(x) in less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanQ(0) boolean AND {t = -1} (div u(0) = 0). (0.2) less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanExistence, uniqueness, and regularity studies of (0.1) in non-cylindrical domains were initiated in the 1960s in pioneering works by Lions, Sather, Ladyzhenskaya, and Fujita-Sauer. However, the problem of a characteristic vertex regularity remained open. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanIn this paper, the classic problem of regularity (in Wieners sense) of the vertex (0, 0) for (0.1), (0.2) is considered. Petrovskiis famous "2 root log log-criterion of boundary regularity for the heat equation (1934) is shown to apply. Namely, after a blow-up scaling and a special matching with a boundary layer near. partial derivative Q(0), the regularity problem reduces to a 3D perturbed nonlinear dynamical system for the first Fourier-type coefficients of the solutions expanded using solenoidal Hermite polynomials. Finally, this confirms that the nonlinear convection term gets an exponentially decaying factor and is then negligible. Therefore, the regularity of the vertex is entirely dependent on the linear terms and hence remains the same for Stokes and purely parabolic problems. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanWell-posed Burnett equations with the minus bi-Laplacian in (0.1) are also discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier , 2012. Vol. 75, no 12, 4534-4559 p.
Keyword [en]
Navier-Stokes equations in R-3, Backward paraboloid, Characteristic vertex, Boundary regularity, Blow-up scaling, Boundary layer, Solenoidal Hermite polynomials, Eigenfunction expansion, Matching, Petrovskiis criterion, Fourth-order Burnett equations
National Category
Natural Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-79087DOI: 10.1016/ 000304904500012OAI: diva2:538279
Available from: 2012-06-29 Created: 2012-06-29 Last updated: 2012-06-29

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Maz´ya, Vladimir
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Mathematics and Applied MathematicsThe Institute of Technology
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