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Subcellular distribution of annexins, gelsolin and filamentous actin in adherent human neutrophils during phagocytosis
Linköping University, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Medical Microbiology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Medical Microbiology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, and The Rosalind Russell Arthritis Research Laboratory, University of California, San Francisco, USA.
Department of Morphology, University of Geneva, Switzerland.
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(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Subcellular elevations of cytosolic free calcium concentration ([ea2+];), are critical for certain functional responses within the neutrophil, such asfilamentous actin (F-actin) reorganization and phagolysosome fusion (PLF). During this event, an accumulation of phospholipid- and calciumbinding proteins, annexins, can be seen in the periphagosomal area. A prerequisite for phagolysosome fusion is the elimination of F-actin around the phagosomes to facilitate the membrane contact between lysosomes and phagosomes. Gelsolin is a protein that severs F:actin by binding to the barbed ends, and thereby affect further polymerization. In this study, we used immunofluorescence staining and immunogold technique to analyse the distribution of annexin I, annexin III and gelsolin, in relation to the rearrangement ofF-actin during phagocytosos of complement-opsonized yeast particles by adherent human neutrophils. Iu unchallenged cells, both the aunexins and gelsolin were evenly distributed throughout the cells, whereas F-actin was found mostly in the protruding pseudopodia. Upon phagocytosis an accumulation of both. annexin I and annexin III, and gelsolin could be seen w1thm the vicimty of the phagocytic cups and phagosomes where they colocalized with Factin around the ingested particle.

In calcium-depleted cells, the subcellular distributions of annexins and gelsolin were unaffected. On the other hand, there was a total increase inF-actin polymerization.

Our data may indicate that gelsolin is important for the rearrangement of F-actin and that annexin I and annexin III, which are present in high concentrations in neutrophils, may participate in the following calciumdependent PLF in human neutrophils.

Keyword [en]
Annexins, Ca2+, F-actin, gelsolin, phagocytosis
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-79474OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-79474DiVA: diva2:542604
Available from: 2012-08-02 Created: 2012-08-02 Last updated: 2012-08-02Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. The role of calcium and calcium-regulated proteins in neutrophil phagocytosis
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The role of calcium and calcium-regulated proteins in neutrophil phagocytosis
2000 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Neutrophil phagocytosis is an essential component of the innate immunity against invading pathogens. The two types of phagocytosis that are investigated in detail are IgG- and C3bi-mediated phagocytosis. Although the two types are controlled differently, they share the same driving force - reorganisation of the actin cytoskeleton. Subcellular elevations of intracellular free calcium concentration ([Ca2+]1), are critical for this kind of functional response within the neutrophils.

The aim of this study was to try to understand how calcium and certain calciumregulated proteins control phagocytosis in neutrophils, especially the remodelling of the actin cytoskeleton during pseudopod fonnation and the regulation of phagolysosome fusion.

By immunofluorescence staining (IF) and confocal microscopy, we analysed the distribution of Ca2+ stores using antibodies against Sarcoplasmic/Endoplasmic Reticulum Ca2+-ATPase (SERCA2) and calreticulin, during phagocytosis. The results showed a distinct accumulation of Ca2+ stores around phagosomes and pseudopods. This accumulation is coherent with a local Ca2+ rise seen in the area of phagocytosis and provides a model for how this localised [Ca2+]i is regulated in neutrophils. To further investigate if inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3)-sensitive Ca2+ stores are involved, we analysed the subcellular distribution of IP3-receptors (IP3Rs), which are located on the ci+ stores. The IP3Rs translocated in a similar manner as did SERCA2 and calreticulin, indicating that the IP3-sensitive Ca2+ stores are involved.

During phagocytosis, an accumulation of phospholipid- and calcium-binding proteins, annexins, can be seen in the periphagosomal area. Several studies have demonstrated that certain annexins promote Ca2+-dependent contact between phospholipid vesicles and/or isolated neutrophil-specific granule membranes. This suggests that annexins, apart from being involved in vesicle aggregation and fusion, participate together with filamentous actin (F-actin) in phagolysosome formation, by establishing a connection between the phagosomal membrane and granule membranes prior to fusion. A prerequisite for phagolysosome fusion is the elimination of F-actin around the phagosomes to facilitate the membrane contact between lysosomes and phagosomes. We have, therefore, investigated the role of gelsolin, which is a protein that severs Factin by binding to the barbed ends, and thereby inhibits further polymerisation. The results show that both annexin I and Ill, and gelsolin translocates to the area of phagocytosis, in a Ca2+ -independent manner, where they eo-localise with F-actin.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköpings universitet, 2000. 40 p.
Series
Linköping University Medical Dissertations, ISSN 0345-0082 ; 619
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-28584 (URN)13738 (Local ID)91-7219-576-2 (ISBN)13738 (Archive number)13738 (OAI)
Public defence
2000-03-17, Berzeliussalen, Universitetssjukhuset, Linköping, 09:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Available from: 2009-10-09 Created: 2009-10-09 Last updated: 2012-08-02Bibliographically approved

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Majeed, MeythamStendahl, Olle

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