Proliferation and differentiation of cells from explants of fetal rat stomach
1997 (English)In: Acta Physiologica, ISSN 1748-1708, E-ISSN 1748-1716, Vol. 159, no 2, 155-161 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The current understanding of the mechanisms controlling the proliferation and differentiation of the stem cells of the gastric oxyntic glands is limited. The aim of the present study was to develop a method for investigating proliferation and differentiation of undifferentiated cells from fetal rat stomach. Outgrowth of cells was initiated from explants of 16-day-old fetal rat stomachs. At this stage of the fetal development the gastric epithelial cells are undifferentiated. The explants were cultured in DMEM/F-12 medium supplemented with fetal calf serum only, or fetal calf serum combined with either hydrocortisone or pentagastrin. Morphological characterization by means of light microscopy, dye staining and immunostaining was used to identify the growing cells. Both hydrocortisone and pentagastrin accelerated the differentiation towards H,K-ATPase-positive cells, mucus-producing cells and other epithelial cells. H,K-ATPase-positive cells, which were identified by immunostaining with a monoclonal antibody reacting with the α-subunit of the H,K-ATPase, grew on top of the confluent layer of epithelioid and fibroblastoid cells. With this method in vitro investigations of the mechanisms of proliferation and differentiation of gastric mucosal cells are possible. Although by different mechanisms, both hydrocortisone and pentagastrin appear to play a regulatory role in these processes.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1997. Vol. 159, no 2, 155-161 p.
H, K-ATPase, hydrocortisone, immunostaining, pentagastrin
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-79723DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-201X.1997.589348000.xOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-79723DiVA: diva2:544005