Structure of the beta 2-alpha 2 loop and interspecies prion transmission
2012 (English)In: The FASEB Journal, ISSN 0892-6638, E-ISSN 1530-6860, Vol. 26, no 7, 2868-2876 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Prions are misfolded, aggregated conformers of the prion protein that can be transmitted between species. The precise determinants of interspecies transmission remain unclear, although structural similarity between the infectious prion and host prion protein is required for efficient conversion to the misfolded conformer. The beta 2-alpha 2 loop region of endogenous prion protein, PrPC, has been implicated in barriers to prion transmission. We recently discovered that conversion was efficient when incoming and host prion proteins had similar beta 2-alpha 2 loop structures; however, the roles of primary vs. secondary structural homology could not be distinguished. Here we uncouple the effect of primary and secondary structural homology of the beta 2-alpha 2 loop on prion conversion. We inoculated prions from animals having a disordered or an ordered beta 2-alpha 2 loop into mice having a disordered loop or an ordered loop due to a single residue substitution (D167S). We found that prion conversion was driven by a homologous primary structure and occurred independently of a homologous secondary structure. Similarly, cell-free conversion using PrPC from mice with disordered or ordered loops and prions from 5 species correlated with primary but not secondary structural homology of the loop. Thus, our findings support a model in which efficient interspecies prion conversion is determined by small stretches of the primary sequence rather than the secondary structure of PrP.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Federation of American Society of Experimental Biology (FASEB) , 2012. Vol. 26, no 7, 2868-2876 p.
amyloid; TSE; transmissible spongiform encephalopathy; neurodegeneration
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-79676DOI: 10.1096/fj.11-200923ISI: 000305912500015OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-79676DiVA: diva2:544282