Thin-film electro-acoustic sensors based on AlN and its alloys: possibilities and limitations
2012 (English)In: Microsystem Technologies: Micro- and Nanosystems Information Storage and Processing Systems, ISSN 0946-7076, E-ISSN 1432-1858, Vol. 18, no 7-8, 1213-1223 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Sputter deposited aluminum nitride (AlN) thin films have played a central role for the successful development of the thin film electro-acoustic technology. The development has been primarily driven by one device-the thin film bulk acoustic resonator, with its primary use for high frequency filter applications for the telecom industry. Recently, increased piezoelectric properties in AlN through the alloying with scandium nitride have been identified both experimentally and theoretically. This opens up new possibilities for the thin film electro-acoustic technology. Here expectations and discussions are presented on acoustic FBAR sensor performance when based on AlN as well as on such AlN alloys to identify possible benefits and limitations. Inhere, the distinction is made between direct and in-direct (acoustic) use of the piezoelectric effect for sensor applications. These two approaches are described and compared in view of their advantages and possibilities. Especially, the indirect (or acoustic) use is identified as interesting for its versatility and good exploitation of the thin film technology to obtain highly sensitive sensor transducers. It is pointed out that the indirect approach can well be obtained internally in the piezoelectric material structure. Original calculations are presented to support the discussion.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Verlag (Germany) , 2012. Vol. 18, no 7-8, 1213-1223 p.
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-79664DOI: 10.1007/s00542-012-1527-8ISI: 000305691500042OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-79664DiVA: diva2:544298