Vaccine-derived NSP2 segment in rotaviruses from vaccinated children with gastroenteritis in Nicaragua
2012 (English)In: Infection, Genetics and Evolution, ISSN 1567-1348, E-ISSN 1567-7257, Vol. 12, no 6, 1282-1294 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Rotavirus (RV) vaccination programs have been established in several countries using the human-attenuated G1P monovalent vaccine Rotarix (TM) (GlaxoSmithKline) and/or the human-bovine reassortant G1, G2, G3, G4, P pentavalent vaccine Rotaleq (TM) (Merck). The efficacy of both vaccines is high (similar to 90%) in developed countries, but can be remarkably lower in developing countries. For example, a vaccine efficacy against severe diarrhea of only 58% was observed in a 2007-2009 Nicaraguan study using RotaTeq. To gain insight into the significant level of vaccine failure in this country, we sequenced the genomes of RVs recovered from vaccinated Nicaraguan children with gastroenteritis. The results revealed that all had genotype specificities typical for human RVs (11G1P, 1G3P) and that the sequences and antigenic epitopes of the outer capsid proteins (VP4 and VP7) of these viruses were similar to those reported for RVs isolated elsewhere in the world. As expected, nine of the G1 P viruses and the single G3P virus had genome constellations typical of human G1 P and G3P RVs: G1/3-P-I1-R1-C1-M1-A1-N1-T1-E1-H1. However, two of the G1P viruses had atypical constellations, G1-P-I1-R1-C1-M1-A1-N2-T1-E1-H1, due to the presence of a genotype-2 NSP2 (N2) gene. The sequence of the N2 NSP2 gene was identical to the bovine N2 NSP2 gene of RotaTeq, indicating that the two atypical viruses originated via reassortment of human G1P RVs with RotaTeq viruses. Together, our data suggest that the high level of vaccine failure in Nicaraguan is probably not due to antigenic drift of commonly circulating virus strains nor the emergence of new antigenetically distinct virus strains. Furthermore, our data suggest that the widespread use of the RotaTeq vaccine has led to the introduction of vaccine genes into circulating human RVs.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier , 2012. Vol. 12, no 6, 1282-1294 p.
Rotavirus; Genomics; Vaccine; RotaTeq
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-79658DOI: 10.1016/j.meegid.2012.03.007ISI: 000306034700017OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-79658DiVA: diva2:544304