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Do job demands and job control affect problem-solving?
Karolinska Institute, Sweden .
Malardalen University, Sweden .
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Work and Rehabilitation. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Karolinska Institute, Sweden .
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2012 (English)In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 42, no 2, 195-203 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: The Job Demand Control model presents combinations of working conditions that may facilitate learning, the active learning hypothesis, or have detrimental effects on health, the strain hypothesis. To test the active learning hypothesis, this study analysed the effects of job demands and job control on general problem-solving strategies. Participants: A population-based sample of 4,636 individuals (55% women, 45% men) with the same job characteristics measured at two times with a three year time lag was used. Methods: Main effects of demands, skill discretion, task authority and control, and the combined effects of demands and control were analysed in logistic regressions, on four outcomes representing general problem-solving strategies. Results: Those reporting high on skill discretion, task authority and control, as well as those reporting high demand/high control and low demand/high control job characteristics were more likely to state using problem solving strategies. Conclusions: Results suggest that working conditions including high levels of control may affect how individuals cope with problems and that workplace characteristics may affect behaviour in the non-work domain.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IOS Press , 2012. Vol. 42, no 2, 195-203 p.
Keyword [en]
Work characteristics; longitudinal; spill-over; learning
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-79839DOI: 10.3233/WOR-2012-1340ISI: 000305393600005OAI: diva2:544380
Available from: 2012-08-14 Created: 2012-08-14 Last updated: 2012-08-14

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Johansson, Gun
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Work and RehabilitationFaculty of Health Sciences
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