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Development of a disposable potentiometric antibody immobilized ZnO nanotubes based sensor for the detection of C-reactive protein
Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6235-7038
2012 (English)In: Sensors and actuators. B, Chemical, ISSN 0925-4005, Vol. 166, 809-814 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper, the fabrication of ZnO nanotubes was carried out through chemical etching of ZnO nanorods on the gold coated glass substrates. The monoclonal anti-C-reactive protein clone CRP-8 (mouse IgG1 isotype) with glutaraldehyde was immobilized on these ZnO nanotubes using simple physical adsorption method. The novelty of the present ZnO nanotubes based research is the generation of electromotive force (EMF) in the environment of rapid formation of complex between immobilized antibodies with CRP on the surface of ZnO nanotubes. The electrochemical response of the proposed C-reactive protein (CRP) of human plasma biosensor was measured using potentiometric technique. The antibody immobilized ZnO nanotubes based sensor electrode detected the concentration range of CRP from 1.0 x 10(-5) mg/L to 1.0 x 100 mg/L with an acceptable sensitivity of 13.17 +/- 0.42 mV/decade. This unusual behavior of the proposed ZnO nanotubes based sensor in no particular electrolytic atmosphere is opening a new way for the detection of proteins at the nanolevel. The response of CRP sensor was highly linear and stable for above detected concentrations. The time response of antibody immobilized ZnO nanotubes based sensor was observed less than 10 s with good selectivity, reproducibility, repeatability and stability. The life time of sensor was not more than three days after use, so it can be used as disposable sensor.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier , 2012. Vol. 166, 809-814 p.
Keyword [en]
ZnO nanotubes; Monoclonal anti-C-reactive protein clone; CRP-8; Potentiometric technique; C-reactive protein; Glutaraldehyde; Electrochemical response
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-79821DOI: 10.1016/j.snb.2012.03.083ISI: 000305356900111OAI: diva2:544417
Available from: 2012-08-14 Created: 2012-08-14 Last updated: 2014-02-17
In thesis
1. Synthesis of metal oxide nanostructures, their characterization and chemical sensing applications
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Synthesis of metal oxide nanostructures, their characterization and chemical sensing applications
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The existence of nanomaterials is a revolutionizing step towards the fabrication of nanodevices and it enhances the enthusiasm of the researchers for the development of new devices with improved performance relative to that of bulk material based devices. Among the nanomaterials, the metal oxide nanostructures have drawn the attention of scientific community in the development of different biochemical and biomedical nanodevices in the recent time. Today, the nanotechnology based applications of several materials particularly biosensing, molecular imaging, biological separation, biomarkers and photodynamic therapy have given wide spectrum of the fabrication of novel and sensitive nanodevices. The attraction of nanomaterials based devices is hidden in the fact of their desirable and unique properties such as high surface to volume ratio, biocompatibility, fast electron transfer rate, and nontoxic in many cases. The biocompatibility is the most favourable property of several nanomaterials such as ZnO, TiO2 etc. which provide the solid platform for the synthesis of nanomedicine. In the sensor technology, the uses of nanomaterials have shown the drastic and bombastic realization of high sensitivity for a particular sensor and the possible detection of specific analytes from their small volumes. The metal oxide nanostructures show a fast electron communication, and high degree of adsorption of biosensitive material which further enhances the sensitivity of nanosensor device. The metal oxides nanostructures  exhibit tuneable size; morphology based chemical and physical properties which are easily to combine with biosensitive material in the fabrication of sensitive chemical and biosensors. The metal oxide nanostructures experienced attractive surface chemistry, high surface  to volume ratio, valuable thermal and electrical properties, therefore the development of nanosensors is accompanied by high sensitivity, low limit of detection and a fast response time.

In this dissertation, several metal oxide nanostructures have been presented such as ZnO, CuO, NiO, Co3O4, Fe2O3, Mn3O4, NiCo2O4 and TiO2. By exploiting the favourable properties of these metal oxides for the sensing, thus have been used potentially in the fabrication of chemical nanosensors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2014. 56 p.
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 1577
Hydrothermal method, seed layer, ZnO nanorods, ZnO nanotubes, immunosensor, iron ferrite, glucose sensor, well aligned ZnO nanorods, CuO nanoleaves, CuO nanosheets, CuO bundle of nanowires
National Category
Natural Sciences
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-104422 (URN)978-91-7519-394-6 (print) (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-03-20, K 3, Kåkenhus, Campus Norrköping, Linköpings universitet, Norrköping, 10:00 (English)
Available from: 2014-02-17 Created: 2014-02-17 Last updated: 2014-02-17Bibliographically approved

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Ibupoto, Zafar HussainWillander, Magnus
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