Objective. —To evaluate the effects of PhXA41, a new prostaglandin analogue, on the intraocular pressure (IOP) in patients receiving pilocarpine treatment and the effects of pilocarpine in patients receiving PhXA41 treatment.
Design. —Twenty patients with ocular hypertension were randomized into two parallel groups. The treatment period was 2 weeks. Ten patients in group 1 were given PhXA41 twice daily during week 1 and, in addition, pilocarpine three times daily during week 2. Ten patients in group 2 received pilocarpine three times daily during week 1 and PhXA41 twice daily in addition during week 2. PhXA41 was used in a concentration of 0.006%, and pilocarpine was given in a concentration of 2%.
Main Outcome Measures. —In group 1, the mean IOP on day 0 was 25.1 mm Hg; on day 7,19.1 mm Hg; and on day 14,17.6 mm Hg. In group 2, the mean IOP on day 0 was 23.8 mm Hg; on day 7,20.4 mm Hg; and on day 14,17.7 mm Hg.
Results. —PhXA41 had a clinically significant IOP-lowering effect (23.4% reduction on day 7 as compared with baseline day (P<.001). The corresponding value with pilocarpine was 14.3% (P<.001). When pilocarpine was added to PhXA41, the additional IOP reduction was 7.4% (P<.01) compared with 14.2% (P<.01) when PhXA41 was added to pilocarpine. The two groups were found to have an almost equal reduction in IOP on day 14 (group 1,29.4%; group 2, 26.6%). No serious adverse reactions were seen. Some conjunctival hyperemia in the PhXA41-treated eyes was noted on day 7, as compared with the pilocarpine-treated eyes, but there were few complaints of discomfort.
Conclusions. —This study indicated that PhXA41 could be useful in the treatment of glaucoma, as monotherapy, or in certain cases in combination with pilocarpine.
1993. Vol. 111, no 5, 662-665 p.